The Wolf 's Competitive Exclusion Principle Essay

The Wolf 's Competitive Exclusion Principle Essay

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Having a greater physical capacity the wolf was successful in competing for food and territory against the coyote, thus has difficulty competing for the same niche (Friedl, 2016). The coyote was forced into small habits throughout New England and New York state, coyotes, therefore, had a limited realized niche (Gautheir, 2014). This known competition between two organisms is classified into the competitive exclusion principal, where one life form will drive out the other, usually to extinction (“Competitive Exclusion Principle,” 2014). There are two branches of competition within the competitive exclusion principle, they are known as intraspecific competition, and interspecific competition (Duffy, 2015). Intraspecific competition is when members of the same species compete for the same biotic and abiotic resources within an environment (Friedl, 2016). For example, when two oak trees are growing next to each other, it may not seem like it, but they are both in constant competition with each other (Friedl, 2016). Oak trees need sunlight, nutrients and water, and because they are side by side, they have to fight over the same niche to receive the necessary resources for survival (Eriksson, 2012). Interspecific competition is when two different types of species are competing for resources in the same environment (Penn State, 2015). In other words, the cheetah and the lion interact as competitors for food and space in the same ecological niche. The Caribou has rich meat, and is often the choice of prey for these two species of mammals (Smith, 2012). The Cheetah usually hunts down the caribou in open view, and while scavenging on its carcass the lion fights off the cheetah. Due to competition this forces the cheetah into the jungle to f...


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...strain on the environments natural functions; the ability of the human niche to sustain future generations is limited (Radford, 2005). Water, food, timber, and land have all been claimed by agriculture; over 24% of the human niche has been cultivated (Radford, 2005). Consequently, the results of agriculture are destroying the fundamental niche of humans. If the rate of resources being taken out is not reduced then humans will have no resulting niche (Ellis, 2016).
In conclusion, Humans have been changing and modifying their physical environment since first arriving on the planet. The concept of niche has similar characteristics; this ever-changing branch of biology will guide experts into a greater understanding of the environment, and the species within it. Knowledge gained through research and experiments will help conserve the niche for future generations to come

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