The Linux system has an interesting history as it was originated by a college student as a hobby. According to the web site linux.org (“What is Linux,”2007) Linux is an operating system that was initially created as a hobby by a young student, Linus Torvalds, at the University of Helsinki in Finland. Linus had an interest in Minix, a small UNIX system, and decided to develop a system that exceeded the Minix standards”. He began his work in 1991 when he released version 0.02 and worked steadily until 1994 when version 1.0 of the Linux Kernal was released. The kernel, at the heart of all Linux systems, is developed and released under the GNU General Public License and its source code is freely available to everyone.
Bill Gates is the well known founder of the Microsoft company that has developed the family of operating systems called Windows. The history of their different versions of operating systems covers quite a span of time as noted on their web site Microsoft.com (Windows History, 2006)
Many longtime PC users trace the Microsoft Windows operating system to the 1990 release of Windows 3.0, the first widely popular version of Windows and the first version of Windows many PC users ever tried. However, Microsoft initially announced the Windows product seven years earlier and released the first version in 1983. With the release of Windows XP in October 2001, Microsoft merged its two Windows operating system lines for consumers and businesses, uniting them around the Windows 200 code base. The “XP” in Windows XP stands for “experience,” symbolizing the innovative experiences that Windows can offer to personal computer users.
Windows XP is a proprietar...
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...smer defines the debate (Messmer, 2005)
The number of vulnerabilities in open-source vs. closed source- and how fast they get fixed, respectively- stirs up debate on both sides. Research firm Security Innovation caused an uproar when it asserted in a study- paid for by Microsoft- that a Web server based on open-source code had twice as many security vulnerabilities recorded in 2004 as a comparable based Microsoft-based Web server. The study pitting Red Hat Linux and open source applications against Microsoft products asserted it took the open source community twice as long to fix the vulnerabilities discovered in 2004. Red Hat didn’t challenge the number of reported vulnerabilities but said it would define fewer of them as critical.
There is a reason that both systems will survive and prosper. There are different types of humans with different ideals and desires.
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