In the very beginning of the play, the citizens of Rome show their shifting loyalty. The citizens loved Pompey, but as soon as Caesar defeats Pompey in battle the citizens flock to the new hero. Murellus criticizes the Romans by yelling, “Knew you not Pompey? Many a time and oft/ have you climbed up to walls and battlements,/ To towers and chimney tops, yea, to chimney tops” (1.1.37-39). Murellus remembers that the Romans used to take every chance given to see Pompey, and at the time it appeared they would take their own life to defend his position. Now, little time has passed and they praise Caesar. Then, once Caesar is slain the Romans immediately cling to the next highest power, which is Brutus after his speech at Caesar’s funeral. The third plebeian shouts, “Let him go up into the public chair./ We’ll hear him.-Noble Antony, go up” (3.2.61-62). The plebeians raise Brutus up and offer him the position of dictator for life without the apparent slightest mourn for Caesar. The common citizens of Rome have no concrete loyalty for a single person. The plebeians are part of the lower government, and so do not have much interaction with the top leaders of their country. Without the sense of friendship or connect...
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... see me at Philipi” (4.3.287). Caesar would not conceal the betrayal he felt from Brutus. When the day at Philipi came, the ghost upheld his promise. Loyal Antony and Octavius overroad the conspirators’ troops and Brutus was left to fall on his sword. Brutus had broken Caesar’s trust when Brutus turned against his emperor. Brutus’s final words are, “Caesar, now be still,/ I killed not thee with half so good a will” (5.5.51-52). This noble Roman ended up dead with the guilt that he had betrayed a dear friend all because he disregarded the power of loyalty.
The Romans in this play all meet the end that they deserved. Those who kept loyal received wealth and fame, but those who did not remain faithful died a guilty death. The decisions they made directly affected their outcome. Shakespeare, through this play, tries to provide insight into the power of trust and loyalty.
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