In Sober’s book: Core Questions in Philosophy: A Text with Readings, Sober provides an alternate, simplified version of the design argument by Aquinas (Sober, 2012, p. 59-60):
(P1): “Among objects that act for an end, some have minds whereas other do not.”
(P2): “An object that acts for an end, but does not itself have a mind, must have been designed by a being with a mind.”
(P3): “Hence, there exists a being with a mind who designed all mindless objects that act for an end.”
(C): “Hence, God exists.”
In other words, Aquinas believed there to have existed two different types of objects: those which are goal-driven and have minds, and those which are goal-driven and are mindless. However, it is crucial to the understanding of Aquinas’ design argument that Aquinas believed all objects were goal-driven and “acted for an end”. Sober provides the following example that in Aquinas’ teleological view, a rock would retain its hardness “in order to resist destruction” (Sober, 2012, p. 60). I disagree with Aquinas’ stance th...
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...and improve a large portion of our understanding in the field of genetics and physical anthropology. In contrast, the argument from design, a theistic and creationist theory, has accomplished nothing towards the advancement of current science and has been unable to provide any sort of testable or novel predictions at all. As a result, I must argue against Aquinas and Paley that the lack of testability with the argument from design is a significant weakness and detriment to the legitimacy of the argument.
In conclusion, in this essay I have described the basic components to both Aquinas’ and Paley’s argument from design. I have also criticized Aquinas’ use of the Birthday Fallacy in one premises of his argument. Lastly, I have identified several weak-points of the argument from design and creationism as a whole in comparison to modern-day hypotheses such as evolution.
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