William Golding's The Lord of the Flies

William Golding's The Lord of the Flies

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William Golding's The Lord of the Flies The Lord of the Flies is a novel written by William Golding and is a story about a group of boys stranded on an island who have to learn to survive on their own without adults. This story is an allegory which is a story that works on at least two levels.

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In this case both symbolically and literally in the events of the novel with the boys on the island and the boys on the island representing society. It is also an allegory on human society and human nature. It states how innate morality works within and the boys go from living in a society with rules to an uncivilized society. Three boys are different from the others and stay civil while the rest turn into a savage tribe in an uncivilized society.
The boys first organize their island society well when they are first stranded. They are civilized like a democracy but then some turn into a dictatorship. This represents the symbolic level of allegory. In the beginning, the boys have an assembly and elect a leader to be in charge of things. They then use a conch to keep order and they all have different jobs. They all keep civilized and Ralph is the leader. This represents how the boys live in society in human nature. Jack gets jealous and wants to be leader so he starts problems and doesn’t listen or follow Ralph. Both Ralph and Piggy try to do the right thing but then Jack gets in the way and wants things done his own way. He forms a group like a dictatorship and nonetheless, that’s what turns the boys uncivilized and everything gets out of order because of Jack. This represents the literal level of allegory because with the events of the boys on the island, their actions effect how they are starting to live in an uncivilized society.
“The bravest of individuals is the one who obeys his or her conscience” –J.F Clarke.
This quote shows how the characters change and go from a society with rules to an uncivilized society. In the beginning of the novel, before they are stranded, the boys live in a society with rules from their parents that they have to follow and if something wrong was done they would be reprimanded and in trouble. The boys have an innate sense of right and wrong. They first know that when they are alone on the island they have to keep order because they are afraid of getting in trouble. In time, they realize that they will not be and they become savages and everything they do turns into chaos. “...what makes things break up like they do?” (Pg 139) this quote is said by Ralph questioning what makes things break up after the fire signal went out. He is smart and notices that things break up when no one cooperates. He is different from the others and follows his conscience to do the right thing and keep things organized in a civilized manner as the others don’t.
Furthermore, having most of the boys not stay civilized throughout the novel, Ralph, Piggy, and Simon do. The three of them show that they are the bravest of individuals who obey their own conscience and they don’t follow the crowd. They try to do the right thing and follow the rules and they listen to their own conscience inside and know what they are doing is right.
Piggy is very intelligent and a thinker. He is rational and sees things clearly as they are. He is physically weak but strong in the way that he doesn’t follow the crowd. He is the voice of reason and sees the intellectual scientific aspects of civilization. Simon is also different because he has an artistic temperament and is very sensitive. He views things differently from other people and he represents a natural goodness. He is not imposed from civilization and the other boys. Ralph is a leader and tries to keep things in order. He is more rational than the others and he represents humans being civilized with their instincts. He is more towards building a stable society and he also is the only one to have a positive attitude toward things.
With Ralph, Piggy and Simon being civilized, Jack and Roger especially turned into savages among all the other boys. They both formed an uncivilized society and Jack more a tyranny of violence and fear to rule with Roger and they have a gang make up his military complex.
The novel evinces that the boys find a “beastie” on the island. The beastie is a symbolic feature throughout the novel and the boys are scared of it. As the boys grow more savage, their belief in the beastie grows even stronger. The boys behavior is what actually brings the beastie into existence, so the more barbarously the boys act the more real the beast seems to become to them.
“A moral entrepreneur who exploits tribalism for evil purposes” (pg 7) What makes us Moral
This quote relates to Jack in the novel because he made a tribe and group for himself so he could be chief and rule. He punishes people for his own good and evil purposes and he uses the beastie to scare the boys to a greater extent. He makes it seem like he can protect the boys from the beastie which makes the boys stay with him more. This is really when evil enters society and they go from a society with rules to an uncivilized society.
In conclusion, the boys do go from living in a society with rules to an uncivilized society. Some stay civilized, and is it because of their innate morality? Or is there an evil that lies with in us? Are there more people like Jack that use tribalism for evil purposes like getting power and using lies to keep it? Or are their more people like Ralph- a true leader rational enough to follow his own conscience in doing the right thing?
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