A wilderness area is an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain, according to the Wilderness Act 1964 (NPS). The wilderness act was established to protect the environment, ecosystems, and biodiversity. Because humans are not allowed to spoil, disturb, extract, grow any vegetation or influence by any means, the ecosystems are freed to change on their own and the biodiversity change occurs in a natural way. However, nature does not always change the ecosystem and biodiversity as wanted by human beings. In addition, the change can harm the majority of the existing biodiversity and ecosystem. Although wilderness act supports the natural progression of the ecosystem and biodiversity, the intervention to the natural progression is sometimes required to preserve the existing species, endangered species, and holistic ecology.
One of the many needs to intervene the wilderness area by humans is the hunting. Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals. According to Aldo Leopold (“Too Many”) high deer populations have had a much greater negative impact. For example, if a deer species is overpopulated, it exceeds the carrying capacity of its habitat (DesJardins). Thus, the deer will consume all the grass species causing depletion of their own food. Such situation ultimately causes the destruction of all herbivores. It also causes depletion of land, like erosion, causing environmental degradation. In such situation, provision hunting is a good choice. Hunting does not mean the unmanaged killing of any animals. It is a wildlife management, a wise management of wild flora and fauna. Despite biocentric ethical approac...
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..., they reintroduced the wolves. Both the people and the ecology would have been suffered if such management plan was not reintroduced in the national park.
The wilderness act was established to supports the natural progression of the ecosystem and biodiversity. In addition, the deontological ethics was put forwarded for the rightness of animals and to free them from human interference. However, the ecology and wildlife have already been interfered by humans. The species in wild are not sustainable by themselves. Moreover, the wildlife management plan needs to be focused on the betterment of wildlife as well as humans, which relies on anthropocentric and ecocentric philosophies. Therefore, the intervention to the natural progression and disturbances of wildlife are required to preserve the existing species, endangered species, holistic ecology, and humans themselves.
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