In his book, The History of Rome, Theodor Mommsen focuses on wars and specifically how politics influenced the outcome of each war. He details how both the governmental system and military system were organized for a purely Italian policy, thus conflicting with other countries’ policies, leading to solely tactical continental wars. He references the War of Carthage and Sicily, which took place from 149 BC-146 BC, and how at first, the Roman military lacked both a naval force and competent generals. He claims that if the government had not stepped in, the changes in military equilibrium would have never been made, which could have lead to a major loss for the army and government. He forcefully argues that “...the new system of war demanded the employment of generals who had military training and a military eye…” (Mommsen 60). Mommsen also uses philological arguments and references from Livy and Polybius to argue that the greater mass of foot-soldiers of the early Roman military was made up of only archers and javelin thro...
... middle of paper ...
...istorians like Polybius, and troop records to defend how effective the armies actually were. He argues that since many of the troops were middle class males who were drafted, they were not as courageous. He quotes Polybius, who stated that through “...training in the individual use of weapons; in the care of weapons and armour; then in the manoeuvre of men as a small unit...finally training in the manoeuvre of several or numerous units…” would easily solve this problem. Eckstein maintains this notion throughout his book, admitting that although it would take a long time, would have made the Roman army an unstoppable force. In a similar manner to both John Rich and Pat Southern, Eckstein focuses on the two main points of weaponry and size being the key factors in the ancient Roman success, while barely acknowledging the ideas of the discipline and reward of troops.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Scholars have named numerous arguments as to why the so called more democratic Roman Republic evolved and was eventually replaced by the Principate. Changes in land reforms and tax collection are just two reasons why the system of government changed so rapidly. Each leader had different legislation when faced with what to do with landless veterans and the poor. Some chose to pass laws that helped the poor who were in need, while others chose to do what was most beneficial for the wealthy and elite.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman Republic]
1207 words (3.4 pages)
- The Late Roman Republic had internal turmoil in 133 BC due to the economic stagnation in the urban area of Rome caused the Roman Republic’s government underwent a violent transition from an inefficient oligarchy to a reliable dictatorship government. Among varying issues that attribute to such a transition, political infighting and the rise of private army are the most responsible ones because it is the easiest way to capture a fortress is from within, which is fixed by Augustus by use his political reform and his military reform for the empire.... [tags: Roman Empire, Roman Republic, Ancient Rome]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- The government of the Roman Republic was complex. Each position in government had a specific function. The Roman government was led by two consuls, or leaders. This was the highest position of the political government, holding a large amount of power. There were two consuls selected in order to keep a balance of power. They both served a year term and had the option to veto each other if they did not agree on something. This position also gave them the power to establish laws, collect taxes, and make military based decisions.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Domitian]
1456 words (4.2 pages)
- “All roads lead to Rome,” a remake that was made by an ancient philosopher still manages to keep us wondering what he meant by that. From the birth of Romulus and Remus and creating the city we now still call Rome. Roman Empire was to be one the most powerful and world’s greatest to ever. Rome’s republic was founded in 509 BC and ending in 27 BC right when the Roman Empire was stating. Before becoming an empire Rome was once a republic. The don of the new era began. The power was no longer in the hands of one person but in the people.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman Republic]
730 words (2.1 pages)
- ... They were the leaders of the political and military aspects of government and were led by the consuls. In most cases, the magistrates were only able to hold office for one year, this way they did not have enough time to accumulate power and ultimately overthrow the government or leave a significant impression on the Republic (extensions were granted if other branches of government deemed it necessary) (Gwynn, 22). If the consuls or other magistrates were inefficient they would not stay in power long enough to greatly weaken or collapse the Republic.... [tags: magistrates, branches, senate, law]
841 words (2.4 pages)
- Today, the United States is the fifth largest country in the world, with over 294 Embassies and Consulates around the world our influence is quite significant. Ancient Rome contained about 20% of the world’s population of the time; it is remembered as the greatest empire in history, with ties all over the eastern hemisphere from Britain, to Egypt, to all the way to China. Ancient Rome as we know contributed significantly to modern society and is not without influence on us here in the United States.... [tags: government, welfare benefits, public services]
1156 words (3.3 pages)
- Learning, studying, and developing theories on why criminal behavior occurs is important because it helps the criminal justice system understand why people commit crimes and what type of punishment may work and what type of punishment has been proven ineffective. Criminal theories were being developed as far back as the Iron Age and are still being developed and modified today. Spiritualism, classical school theory, and positivist school theory are just a few of the theories that have helped influence our founding fathers and influence the criminal justice system in America and across the world.... [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology, Sociology]
1108 words (3.2 pages)
- The Rome’s history has been in existences for 2,800 years since the city existed. Before the some of the cities within Italy were considered to be small villages that is back in the 9th century BC. However, harmonic tribes overrun some cities, such as Rome, to usher in the middle age period. Moreover, such cities become the strongholds of Roman Catholic Church as well as sovereign states’ homes. There are also some towns in Italy that are known to have splendid churches, palaces together with other buildings.... [tags: Roman Empire, Augustus, Ancient Rome]
841 words (2.4 pages)
- Go through the history, it’s not hard to find out the political systems in ancient Greece and Rome is democracy and republic. Parallel Comparing the modern democracy to ancient Greek democracy and modern republic to Roman republic, although they are almost different in the level of superficial, digging the root, the modern democracy and republic are derivate from ancient one. This article will briefly discuss the original in modern democracy form the ancient Greek democracy in two aspects: 1.... [tags: Democracy, Law, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]
1007 words (2.9 pages)
- The Rise of Hellenism In regards to the Hellenistic Age, I learned about the history in Hellenistic civilization. Hellenism is the term typically to describe the spread of culture from the Greek civilization that developed after the reign of Alexander the Great. The Classical Age, referred to as Hellenic Greek, began in 507 B.C.E. and concluded in 323 B.C.E. The Hellenistic Age began in 323 B.C.E. and concluded in 31 B.C.E. after the reign of Alexander the Great. The Classical Age was ruled by the Greek civilization in Greek city states and their territories.... [tags: Ancient Greece, Alexander the Great, Roman Empire]
935 words (2.7 pages)