While contemplating the evolution of medical publishing, one might be tempted to think of it under terms of the Recapitulation theory. Namely, as ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny, similarly it might be conjectured that both evolution of medical publishing, at least in its forms, and the stages of scientific production in a clinicians` career follow similar progression of evolutionary stages. In other words, a modern „evidence-based“ clinician, trough his publications, climbs the steep „Level-of-evidence“ pyramid, recapitulating much the growth of the pyramid itself; during his first clinical steps, he writes case reports, strives towards taking part in clinical trials, and, as he grows proficient in his field of interest, finally writes and publishes reviews and meta-analyses. Even though advocates make a strong case when substantiating that solely case reports bring attention to novel entities and are indispensable for medical progress, in the evidence based era of impact factors and citations, case reports are often considered invaluable, due to their low citation rates (14). However, case reports have not only changed and grown more complex in their form, but continue to report on a wide range of topics other than direct clinical experience. Similarly, the role of case reports has outgrown its primary purpose. In its beginnings case reports were intended to identify clinical novelty, following to alert of adverse reactions and highlight innovations, whilst today they play a significant role in medical education and emphasize ethical predicaments (2, 3).
Throughout the history of medicine, numerous case reports have played a major r...
... middle of paper ...
...sensus-based clinical case report guideline development. J Med Case Reports 2013.
16. Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, the PRISMA Group: Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA Statement. PLoS Med 2009, 6(7):e1000097.
17. Schulz KF, Altman DG, Moher D: CONSORT 2010 statement: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomized trials. Ann Intern Med 2010, 152(11):726-732.
18. Rison R, Kidd M, Koch C. The CARE (CAse REport) guidelines and the standardization of case reports. Journal of medical case reports. 2013; 7 (1): 1--3.
19. Bignall J, Horton R Learning form stories – Lancet's case reports. Lancet 1995;346:1256.
20. Vandenbroucke JP Case reports in an evidence-based world (Editorial). J R Soc Med 1999;92:159–63.
21. Kidd MR, Hubbard C: Introducing Journal of Medical Case Reports. J Med Case Rep 2007, 1:1.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- On July 8th, 2011 “"...in a decision announced Friday the federal government ruled that [marijuana] has no accepted medical use and should remain classified as a highly dangerous drug like heroin. The decision comes almost nine years after medical marijuana supporters asked the government to reclassify cannabis...” (procon.org). The debate about medicinal marijuana has occurred for years in the United States. Though research provides substantial evidence that marijuana is medically significant, the federal government seems to turn a blind eye.... [tags: Arguments for Medical Marijuana]
2960 words (8.5 pages)
- Marijuana is a cannabis drug that may be used for medical purposes. It was used to soothe malaria and constipation in many Asian countries including India and China (Ashton). It has the capability to relieve the pain of a serious sickness like malaria as well as a common every day stomach sickness like constipation. Marijuana has also been used therapeutically for the common disease asthma (Ashton). It “exert[s] a bronchodilator action on the small airways” therefore allowing a person to breathe better (Ashton).... [tags: medical marijuana should be legal ]
2143 words (6.1 pages)
- ... It has been proven that Marijuana is healthier than cigarettes and alcohol, which are both legal in every state in the United States (Noonan). The Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in Marijuana might even be able to help slow down Dementia and Alzheimer 's. There are special ingredients in Marijuana called cannabinoids. All around the United States there are government funded studies one these cannabinoids of it slowing down the growth of tumors and killing cancer cells (Rappold). These ingredients can help protect the brain from damage.... [tags: Cannabis, Tetrahydrocannabinol, Medical cannabis]
1385 words (4 pages)
- ... For example, although marijuana is classified as a Schedule I substance drug by the federal government, in 1978 the Investigational New Drug (IND) compassionate access program was created so that individuals fitting certain illness requirements could obtain medicinal marijuana. As time went on, more patients subscribed to be given medical marijuana until the IND, in 1992, closed its doors on new patients. The head doctor of the United States Public Health Service, Dr.Mason, commented that it was the government 's concern that the public would be given the impression that marijuana has medical properties that resulted in the closing of the IND program.... [tags: Medical cannabis, Cannabis, Cannabinoid receptor]
1689 words (4.8 pages)
- ... The conditions that these animals are kept in are not the only disturbing aspect of medical testing done on animals. Many people believe that it is okay to do testing on the animals because they don’t want humans to be tortured and have to endure pain. It turns out that animals suffer just like humans do, and suffering is undesirable whether it be animals or humans being put through pain. The hardest part to understand is how someone is able to do these kind of things towards these animals.... [tags: Animal testing, Medical research]
2009 words (5.7 pages)
- The narrative report is a collection of information used to represent a company’s business, its market position, the used strategy, the performance and the future prospect. Occurred events, different detail and descriptions are usually the main focus of narrative reporting. The narrative report assign the presenter of the company to put the occurred events, that lead to any kind of compilation or problem, in a certain order. The main body of the essay will include a critical discussion of some key characteristics required for a good narrative report to be produced.... [tags: business, corporate annual reports]
1237 words (3.5 pages)
- ... Many of these animals play an important role in our medical and science world. The Embow Reports perfectly sums up the importance of animal in the following statement. (2007) “Animal research has had a vital role in many scientific and medical advances of the past century and continues to aid our understanding of various diseases” (pg. 27). The animals in some of these testing are used as reference to the human DNA. Some animals share close to genetic makeup as do humans. The testing on animals of animal have two major views, animal testing is helps solve many of the disease and sickness that effect many humans.... [tags: Animal testing, Human, Medical research]
1717 words (4.9 pages)
- Imagine owning a resource that can relieve one’s trouble. This resource can provide help to individuals who need it and much more. Although this resource can provide a solution for many problems, imagine the state of Florida continually prohibiting citizens from using it. Medical marijuana establishes itself as that neglected resource. Medical marijuana continually demonstrates itself as a necessary alternative to the drugs supplied by pharmaceutical companies. Why let someone constantly suffer.... [tags: Cannabis, Tetrahydrocannabinol, Medical cannabis]
1834 words (5.2 pages)
- The cannabis plant is most commonly referred to as marijuana. The United States views marijuana as an illegal substance within its borders. This law seems simple, but a huge curveball has been thrown the government’s way: medical marijuana. Numerous clinical trials and studies are beginning to show a more benevolent side to the “drug” previously thought to produce nothing more than invalids. The federal government should legalize the use of medical marijuana because it does not inflict the harm critics claim, it possesses known medical qualities, and it can generate billions of dollars for the economy.... [tags: Legalization of Medical Marijuana]
1164 words (3.3 pages)
- For years there has been a wonder drug, which has befriended countless sick patients in a number of countries. A relatively inexpensive drug that is not covered by health care plans, which has aided the ill both mentally and physically--marijuana. Significant scientific and medical studies have demonstrated that marijuana is safe for use under medical supervision and that the cannabis plant, in its natural form, has important therapeutic benefits that are often of critical medical importance to persons afflicted with a variety of Life-threatening illnesses.... [tags: medical cannabis should be legal ]
596 words (1.7 pages)