Why Is Human Papilloma Virus? Essay

Why Is Human Papilloma Virus? Essay

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Human Papilloma Virus, commonly referred to as HPV, is the most commonly contracted sexual transmitted infection in the United States. Although HPV is common amongst sexually active people, there are certain types of HPV that cause more severe health risks than others (Luyten, Engelen, & Beutels 2013). Vaccination programs against HPV for women are already in place and practiced in various countries around the world. However, a vaccination program for males is not readily implemented worldwide. The primary reason behind this is due to the associated of HPV with nearly one hundred percent of women diagnosed with cervical cancer, causing there to be a bigger concern for females. (Hull & Caplan 2009). Although there is a stronger case for women to be vaccinated, men should also be given the option to receive a vaccine against HPV. The articles that were analyzed in this literature review were retrieved from OVID Medline and Scopus. These two databases were used as they produce many reliable scholarly articles and are recognized amongst numerous post-secondary institutions. The primary focus of this literature review is to explore the possible health risks of Human Papilloma Virus in males and provide reasoning as to whether or not a vaccination program should be implemented for men.

Risk of Genital Warts
Genital warts are a common result upon receiving an HPV infection. However, certain threads of HPV are more strongly correlated than others to cause these warts in men. Although almost all cases of genital warts are non-life threatening, they are known to cause some discomfort and may rarely result in mortality (Lacey, Lowndes, & Shah 2006). Giuliano et al. (2011) introduced a HPV vaccine amongst infected males and examined the ...


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...oma Virus not only causes numerous health risks in females, but also males. One of the effects of an HPV infection in males is genital warts. Although genital warts are not fatal, it is believed that they have an impact on one’s quality of life (Woodhall et al. 2008). Cancer is a more life threatening health risk, but primarily occurs in high-risk types of HPV. The most common types amongst men appear to be anal, oral, and penile, (Palefsky et al. 2011). By implementing a vaccination program for males, both sexes will be protected against the numerous health effects from HPV. Not only would the vaccine save individuals from the health risks of HPV, but it would also be cost effective for the government to do so. Therefore, based on the health risks associated with Human Papilloma Virus, governments and health agencies should consider funding vaccination for males.


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