Why Did the US Bomb Japan, but Not Germany? Essay

Why Did the US Bomb Japan, but Not Germany? Essay

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On August 6, 1945, at 9:15 AM Tokyo time, the "Enola Gay", which is a big airplane
controlled by Paul W. Tibbets dropped “Little Boy”, which is an atomic bomb, on Hiroshima,
Japan. In a short period of time, half of the city totally disappeared on the map. At least 60,000
people were exterminated or missing, and it is most like about 100,000 thousand people killed
140,000 were injured badly. Many more people were homeless as a result of the bomb. In the
blast, thousands died fast as lightning. The city was unbelievably devastated horribly. Of its
90,000 buildings, over 67% of the structures were demolished.

Another bomb was assembled at Tinian Island on August 6. On August 8, Field Order
Number 17 issued from the 20th Air Force Headquarters in Guam called for its use the
following day on either Kokura or Nagasaki. It was originally going to be on Kokura, but
Nagaskaki was the back-up target. Three days after Hiroshima, the B-29 bomber, "Bockscar"
piloted by Sweeney, reached the sky over Kokura on the morning of August 9. He abandoned the
primary target because the sky was just covered with pitch black smoke and changed course for Nagasaki.

At 11 in the morning, the "Fat Man" bomb, exploded over the north factory district at 1,800 feet
above the city to achieve maximum effect of the dreaded, atomic bomb. Very shortly after, buildings collapsed. Electrical systems were shorted. A wave of secondary fires happened,
which killed more people. Flash burns from primary heat waves caused most of the casualties to
natives. Others were burned after their homes burst into flame, and it caused many house fires.
Flying debris caused many injuries like tornadoes. A fire storm of winds followed the detonation
at Hi...


... middle of paper ...


...ring World War II
Los Alamos was approved as the site for the main atomic bomb scientific
laboratory on Nov. 25, 1942, by Leslie R. Groves and Robert Oppenheimer. They
were given the code name Project Y. One bomb, using plutonium, was successfully tested on July 16,
1945, at a site 193 km south of Albuquerque, N.M. The first atomic bomb to be used in warfare used
uranium. It was dropped by the United States on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945. 3 days later, Nagasaki got bombed badly.



Works Cited

http://www.history.com/topics/bombing-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/mpmenu.asp
http://www.factmonster.com/spot/hiroshima1.html
http://www.atomcentral.com/hiroshima-nagasaki.aspx
http://www.cnduk.org/campaigns/global-abolition/hiroshima-a-nagasaki
http://www.history.com/topics/pearl-harbor
http://www.history.com/topics/pearl-harbor

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