In many nation states, it is noticed that there is a disproportionate number of black people especially those youngsters going through the criminal justice system. The overrepresentation is illustrated by related data released by the U.S. Department of Justice and the House of Commons Home Affairs Committee. In America, almost 3500 per 100,000 residents of the black male were sent to jail in 2013 which was over seven times more than the ratio their white counterpart had and in England and Wales, 8.5% of young black people aged between 10-17 were arrested during the same period .This essay aims to explore the reasons behind the ethnic overrepresentation in the criminal justice system and believes that the higher rate of offending for some race groups and the existence of systematic racist which partially stems from the contemporary media distortion are attributive to the overrepresentation.
First of all, it is essential to point out the possibility that some ethical groups are more likely to commit certain crime categories than others and thus eventually results in a larger proportion of people ending up in prison. Risk factors for offending, which are defined as those disadvantaged features and circumstances that arise in transitions from childhood to adulthood in Webster’s paper , help explain the higher rates of offending. Those risk factors may include social exclusion, school failure, joblessness, poor parental and school supervision, and being raised in a lone-parent family.
Starting from the social exclusion, one of the most important symptom of socio-economic disadvantage and underlying causes of overrepresentation, socialists find it extreme...
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...ducational underachievement, unemployment, ineffective parenting and the loss of family tradition due to the slavery system contribute to the overrepresentation of certain ethnic group people especially those young people in the criminal justice system. Also, the public should pay their attention to the institution racist coming from the justice system itself and media presses are supposed to avoid misleading of common senses towards to the crime of certain ethnic groups. It is inappropriate to explain the disproportionate amount of certain types of crimes among minority groups by the cultural arguments and people’s lifestyle. The perception may exclude those young black people further and the reality of discrimination in the justice system may drive people to take the law into their own hands in order to distribute justice, leading to unexpected social instability.
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