David R. Roediger argues that the genesis of this national fantasy was the necessity to separate the slave-owners from their slaves, making slavery more palatable to the freedom loving Americans. Despite the symbolical importance of racial definitions the concept of whiteness was very unclear during the colonial and early republican times. That changed radically in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, when immigration forced the courts to define what constituted the white race. The American naturalization laws in 1790 placed no limits to immigration, but it made it a requirement that only “free white persons” of “good moral character” with two year residency can become citizens, this racial requirement lasted until 1952.
In the American legal history whiteness goes together with citizenship, since Congress Clearly stated in th...
... middle of paper ...
.... Unwelcome Strangers: American Identity and the Turn Against Immigration. Columbia: Columbia University Press, 1998.
Roediger, David R.. The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class . London: Verso, 1991.
___. Towards the Abolition of Whiteness: Essays on Race, Politics, and Working Class History. London: Verso, 1994.
___. Working Toward Whiteness: How America's Immigrants Became White: the Strange Journey From Ellis Island to the Suburbs. New York: Basic Books, 2005.
Saxton, Alexander. The Rise and Fall of the White Republic: Class Politics and Mass Culture in Nineteenth-century America. New York: Verso, 2003.
Sugrue, Thomas J.. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Ware, Vron. Beyond the Pale: White Women, Racism and History. London: Verso, 1991.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Field International is a large production company that operates for fifteen years. This company has three divisions: Field Production, Field Music, and the new venture, Field Advertising. The president and chairman of the board, Lawrence Field, has operated this business in a pooled interdependence fashion. Each division is directed independently by a vice president, and evaluated in the same independent basis. Recently, two major clients complained directly to Field about some production delays of the Advertising Division.... [tags: Field International, Case Studies, business, ]
719 words (2.1 pages)
- AIM- To study the Dynamical occupational struture of the village Index INDEX PAGE NO’s 1. Aim 3 2. Introduction 4 3. Hypothesis+Justification 5 4. IGCSE Curriculum Links 6 5. Theoretical Background 7-10 6. Rationale 19 7. Locational Context 12 8. Methodology 13 9. Data Presentation 14-18 10. Analysis 14-18 11. Conclusion 20 12. Evaluation 21 13. Appendix 14. Biblography 22 15. Acknowledgement 23 Aim I have chosen to research about this aim because it has been quite visible about the transition village Aklimpur has been going through, when I went to conduct this field work we were assigned comm... [tags: India, Farming]
2134 words (6.1 pages)
- Theoretical Framework of the Study As seen in the previous literature, empirical research in the last twenty years reveals the positive student outcomes associated to service-learning. However, as Susan Jones (2002) argues, “the student’s ability to engage with all aspects of their service-learning courses depends on the interaction of their own sociocultural backgrounds, developmental readiness for such learning to occur, and the privileging conditions that situate college students in community service organizations in the first place.”Accordingly, different complexities may emerge when students “engage with ill structured, complex social issues present in the community service settings ty... [tags: Education]
1178 words (3.4 pages)
- Theoretical Framework of the Study As seen in the previous literature, empirical research in the last twenty years reveals the positive student outcomes associated to service-learning. However, as Susan Jones (2002) argues, student’s ability to actively participate in all aspects of their service-learning experience depends on “the intersection of the student’s own background. . . , developmental readiness for such a learning experience, and the privileging conditions that put a college student in a community service organization as a volunteer in the first place” (p.... [tags: Education]
1182 words (3.4 pages)
- One day while watching the history channel I noticed that the main focus of the history was either on the evolved development of science or the Caucasian race. In that moment I asked myself, what did I know about my own history besides slavery and all the historic events after that. I became upset with the fact that I came up with nothing on the history on African Americans before slavery. In my 21 years of life I have took a total of 12 history classes and none them talked about African American history before slavery.... [tags: african americans, caucasian race]
1169 words (3.3 pages)
- We have gone to Lung Yeuk Tau in Fanling for a field study. Lung Yeuk Tau was given this name because according to the legend, there were dragons jumping in that area. We first walked pass the Tsung Kyam Church and Ma Wat Village to enter Ma Wat Wai. Then we visited Lao Wai, the ancestral hall of the Tangs and the Tian Hou Temple. At last, we had Big Bowl Feast in a restaurant. Along the way to the Ma Wat Village, there were many plantations and few farmers were working in the fields. I saw some fruit trees in Ma Wat Wai such as papaya trees as well.... [tags: village, hall, tample, restaurant]
1025 words (2.9 pages)
- Field Study At Alcoholics Anonymous On Wednesday March 15 and 22 I attended meetings of the Serentiy Group, a local meeting group of Alcoholics Anonymous that were held at the Congregational Church in East Bridgewater. The meetings started around 8:00 pm and went until each member was given the opportunity to speak, or to share their feelings in some way. There was a total of 15 people present, including myself and my companion. The group was primarily made up of males, there was one female aside from my companion and I.... [tags: Research Alcoholism Drinking Essays]
1066 words (3 pages)
- Wrigley Field is a baseball stadium in Chicago, Illinois and has served the Chicago Cubs since 1916. In 1914, it was built for the Chicago Whales. Opening on April 23, the first Cubs game was played on April 20, 1916. The first night game was scheduled for August, 1988 but did not get played until the next day due to rain. Babe Ruth’s famous “called shot” happened there along with Gabby Hartnett’s “Homer in the Gloamin.” It takes many workers to run the park and to keep it going. Wrigley Field, home of the Chicago Cubs, took much construction to build the lights and to design the stadium but held numerous important events.... [tags: Wrilgey Field, Chicago, ]
1008 words (2.9 pages)
- Field of Dreams - The Innocence in History  Baseball is America’s favorite pastime. When people hear the word "America," they think of apple pie, meat and potatoes, July 4th, and inevitably the everlasting love of this country, baseball. The credit is given to a man named Alexander J. Cartwright, who drew up a set of rules for a game played with a bat, a round ball, and a glove. Along with the rules came a sketching of a diamond-shaped field on which the game was to be played. The rules that Cartwright wrote up in 1845 may have very well changed somewhat, but the game of baseball has remained remarkably constant throughout history into today.... [tags: Field of Dreams Essays]
3903 words (11.2 pages)
- The Power of Dillard's A Field of Silence In her essay, Annie Dillard wrote: "There was only silence. It was the silence of matter caught in the act and embarrassed. There were no cells moving, and yet there were cells. I could see the shape of the land, how it lay holding silence"(396)1. The story in which she talked about the silence of the land was published in 1982, and today, almost two decades having gone by, A Field of Silence, is still able to relate to its readers. A Field of Silence is a story about one of Dillard's religious experiences.... [tags: Field of Silence Essays]
1225 words (3.5 pages)