The United States of America has always prided itself on being the most diverse, free, and racially tolerant society on earth. Throughout the past several centuries, the U.S. judicial branch has taken large steps in the direction of a more racially accepting and integrated nation. Perhaps the most influential example of this is the 1954 Supreme Court decision of Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, 349 U.S. 294. The court unanimously ruled that the 1896 decision of Plessy v Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537, “separate but equal” was void due to the “inherently unequal” system in segregated schools (United States). Although ideologically acting as an extremely successful step in battling racism, the road to a truly color blind society would be long and tenuous. Brown v Board of Education set the foundation for the hopes of a more racially integrated society, however its failures cannot be disregarded. The case failed the African American population of the United States, not only because society was not ready to accept the decision, but also because of the ensuing actions taken outside the judicial branch of the U.S. government.
During the controversial court case in 1896 of Plessy v Ferguson, the United States Supreme Court ruled that all public facilities could segregate whites and African Americans, as long as the facilities were equal. The decision, which paved the way for a moral and ethical disaster, allowed public schools to keep classes segregated. Following the decision, minimal efforts were made to ensure separate public schools would become equal. During this time period, public schools were funded by state governments. With the fear that the African American population would threaten white supremac...
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...iate desegregation of the public schools. A program followed the decision in September of 1975 ordering a fourth of the Boston public school students to be bused from other neighborhoods to include African American students in the predominantly white schools. (Turner) Due to the forcible busing implemented in the region, many white parents began to violently protest and enrolled their students in private schools. As frustrations grew in Boston suburbs, white families both moved out of the city and ceased enrolling their students in public schools (Goodman). These protests included grown men and women throwing rocks through the bus windows injuring many black students. The brutal violence didn’t end there; multiple stabbings were reported at Hyde Park High School ultimately escalating to keeping black students locked in buildings for long periods of time (Anonymous).
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