The Ku Klux Klan emerged in two phases from the South during the Civil Right Era with goals to destroy the Civil Rights Movement. Initially “a prankish social organization in Pulaski, Tennessee” formed by “six former confederate army officers in 1865” (Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia), “quickly turned violent” (Leonard) over political direction. The Ku Klux Klan started as fun and games but over time it turned serious. First it started with pulling pranks on African Americans, and then it turned to hurting and finally killing them. Tennessee was the ideal place for the Klan to gain power as Tennessee was known to have a high concentration of Blacks, and came up with many Jim Crow Laws. “The second Ku Klux Klan was organized by William J. Simmons, a Methodist minister in 1915” (“Social Causes”), also had many goals, one of the main being to maintain “White supremacy” (John) and to prevent “the rise of former slaves to a status of civil e...
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...lux Klan Logo.” Illustration. n.d. Ku Klux Klan. Blogger US History Class. Web. 01 December. 2013.
“Ku Klux Klan.” (n.d.): Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2000. Print.
Moore, Leonard J. “Ku Klux Klan.” Dictionary of American History. Ed. Stanley I. Kitler. 3rd ed. Vol. 4. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2003. 551-553. Student Resources in Context. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.
Popham, John N. “KKK in the Civil Rights Era.” Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. 332-335. Student Resources in Context. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.
“Social Causes.” Terrorism Reference Library. Ed. Matthew May, James L. Outman, and Elisabeth M. Outman. Vol. 1: Alamanac. Detroit: UXL, 2003. 147-169. Student Resources in Context. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.
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