Which Type of Salt will Increase the Boiling Point of Water the Most?

Which Type of Salt will Increase the Boiling Point of Water the Most?

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The researcher conducting this experiment is trying to find out which salt- Epsom, table salt, and sea salt- will increase the boiling point of water the most. Sodium chloride is believed to increase the boiling point of water because when salt is suspended into the water, the sodium and chlorine ions leave the “salt crystals” and mix with the water molecules. (“Why does salt… raise boiling point of water?”, 2009).
People discovered salt around 900 B.C. They would dig up salt near the Dead Sea and in South America. Salt has been important in the world’s culture for thousands of years. People used to use it to preserve meat or fish. Salt was so valuable that in several places, some would use it as money and others would trade it off for something else. (Aasen, et Al 1999).
Common salt is another word for table salt. Table salt was researched to have the most of sodium chloride and actually has ninety-nine point nine percent (“Natural sea salt - will not cause high blood pressure”, n.d.). The researcher thinks it will increase the boiling point in water the most because it has the highest amount of sodium chloride present. Common salt is said to be the most used matter in the chemical world. Salt is translucent and can create electricity if melted. It is also known to melt ice or snow because it can be added to water to create a mixture that has a lower freezing point than purified water (Aasen, et Al 1999).
Common salt is necessary in everyday lives because it carries vital substances. It also has many uses, but is found to be used in food only one percent of the time (McGrath and Travers, 1999). It is used to clear ice and snow off of roads, during the production of chlorine, in livestock feeding, to preserve foods, and to improve the taste of some foods. (Aasen, et Al 1999).
The researcher did research and found that Epsom salt is called “hydrated magnesium sulfate”. Magnesium sulfate is not to be swallowed and if it is can be harmful. It is slightly reactive, the ability to mix with chemicals, and is not flammable which means it does not catch fire easily. Magnesium sulfate is a transparent white powder that is odorless and that dissolves quickly in water. It is good to use because it is not toxic to the environment (Baker, 2008).

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Epsom salt also has multiple uses. It is used to fireproof textiles, printing and dying (paper), in makeup, and to minimize swelling. The name comes from a town in England where Epsom can be found in springs. (Aasen, et Al 1999). Epsom has zero percent sodium chloride which is the substance that is understood to increase the boiling point of water. It is actually entirely made up of magnesium sulfate (“SCIENCE: EPSOM SALTS? What are Epsom Salts? Magnesium Sulfate Heptahydrate?”, 2009).
Sea salt was found to have ninety-five percent of sodium chloride and is predicted to come in second out of all three salts (“Natural sea salt - will not cause high blood pressure”, n.d.). This salt may be found in the Dead Sea of Jerusalem. It is also good for the human body because it has not been processed like table salt has. Sea salt also provides important natural minerals which are necessary in the body. Sea salt is produced by evaporating sea water. Unlike table salt, Sea salt has iodine included in its ingredients naturally. It also includes iron, magnesium, and sulfur. The main medically involved uses of sea salt are helping to heal a sore throat, and staying hydrated during the long summer (Skiles, n.d.).
If sea salt comes into contact with and skin or eyes, it may irritate the affected area. During further researcher, the researcher found that sea salt is reactive when coming into contact with iron or steel. It is also not flammable and is potentially explosive around other specific substances. This particular type of salt is not harmful to the environment and is not in any other ways hazardous. Sea salt is unlike Epsom salt and table salt in the way of appearance. Sea salt is usually either white or grey grains (“Sea salt”, n.d.).
To understand this experiment, the researcher must know about everything included in the experiment. The only information not mentioned yet in the researchers data is about degrees Celsius. Degrees Celsius were in fact created before any other metric-unit system. It was invented by a Swedish astronomer named Anders Celsius in 1742. Celsius was first called centigrade, but finally recognized, the people named it after the inventor. Anders made the boiling point zero degrees Celsius and the freezing point one hundred degrees Celsius (Henson, 2003).
The researcher believes that the boiling point of water, zero degrees Celsius, will increase while table salt is added to the water the fastest because it has the highest amount of sodium chloride present. The sodium chloride, as the researcher has mentioned before, will increase the boiling point because the ions disperse and blend with the water molecules to quickly increase the boiling point. The researcher believes coming in second will be the sea salt with ninety-five percent sodium chloride and Epsom, third, with no sodium chloride.
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