When Do Fathers Care? Mothers ' Macroeconomic, Time Constraints, And Financial Resources

When Do Fathers Care? Mothers ' Macroeconomic, Time Constraints, And Financial Resources

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Following the “gender revolution” of the 1960s and 1970s, increased employment of women outside the home has been met with a greater number of men sharing in the domestic responsibilities of the household. Previous studies have suggested the existence of a weak link between the care provided by fathers and the employment and earning obtained by mothers. The study performed by Raley, Bianchi, and Wang (2012) in the article “When Do Fathers Care? Mothers’ Economic Contribution and Fathers’ Involvement in Child Care” from the American Journal of Sociology proves that the link is in fact stronger when measured amongst fathers’ who have increased responsibility toward primary caregiving.
In the article “When Do Fathers Care? Mothers’ Economic Contribution and Fathers’ Involvement in Child Care,” Raley et al. (2012) states that current literature suggests that there are three prominent factors required when analyzing the gendered division of child care that exists among married couples: parenting ideologies, time constraints, and financial resources. Despite “gender revolutions,” parenting ideology norms have remained impervious to change given that fathers are expected hold the title of breadwinner while mothers are expected to be the primary caregiver for children and keepers of all domestic duties (Raley et al., 2012). While 24-hour period time constraints can deem challenging for all parents, fathers who are employed full-time face limited time available to be allocated for childcare (Raley et al., 2012). Thirdly, the result of more earned income for parents in turn results in the parents’ realization that their time usage at work directly affects the amount of time to be spent with children (Raley et al., 2012). The theory tested ...


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...veal that past findings that there is no different in paternal childcare in correlation to maternal employment was not sufficiently accurate. While the results were deemed by Raley et al. (2012) as not providing incontrovertible proof that maternal employment boosts fathers into greater involvement with childcare, the results did suggest that the new question should inquire as to what measure and when fathers are responsive. In closing, the results found a consistent probability that change, albeit gradual, is occurring as a greater demand is placed on paternal involvement from employed mothers who are earning a greater share of the household earnings. 
References
Raley, S., Bianchi, S. M., & Wang, W. (2012). When do fathers care? Mothers’ economic contribution and fathers’ involvement in child care. American Journal of Sociology, 117(5), 1422-1459. doi:10.1086/663354

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