The connection between coaching and team cohesion has been described by a number of researchers, most prominently Carron and Chelladurai (1981). These two elements, coaching and cohesion, are central to the development of any group, but become even more important for a team sport. The ways leaders promote and create high levels of group cohesion have a dramatic effect on the way a group performs (Carron & Chelladurai, 1981). These factors become evident in the way coaches use motivational techniques to ensure their athletes will compete at the highest possible level (Turman, 2003).
Team cohesion is defined as a dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency of a group to remain united in the pursuit of its goals and objectives (Turman, 2003). It can be said that even if a team is unsuccessful on the court, they may still exhibit a high level of team cohesiveness (Turman, 2003). Success is not dependent on how much cohesiveness a team exhibits.
Coaching leadership style refers to how a coach chooses to lead his or her own team (Fatemeh, Rahim, Mohammad, & Anoushiravan, 2012). He does this through the way he ru...
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...g, the population was limited and results could be generalized if random sampling took place. Another limitation was the number of participants. If a larger sample had taken place, more information could have been used to find significance. Another limitation of this study is the surveying of athletes. Athletes could have a bias towards their coach and this could influence the results of the survey.
Further research could look to include more sports teams and include females in the study. It could also look to survey the respective coaches to see what they believe their coaching leadership style is. Further study could also be conducted by comparing the level of team cohesion to their season ending winning percentage. This would allow for nominal data to be taken into account and the assessment of the correlation between team cohesion and team winning percentage.
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