“But the poor person does not exist as an inescapable fact of destiny. His or her existence is not politically neutral, and it is not ethically innocent. The poor are a by-product of the system in which we live and for which we are responsible. They are marginalized by our social and cultural world. They are the oppressed, exploited proletariat, robbed of the fruit of their labor and despoiled of their humanity. Hence the poverty of the poor is not a call to generous relief action, but a demand that we go and build a different social order.” ¹
― Gustavo Gutiérrez
During the 1950s and 60s nationalistic consciousness and significant industrial development in the areas of Peron in Argentina, Vargas in Brazil and Cárdenas in Mexico benefited the upper and middle classes. The casualties of these economic and regional changes were the poor peasantry who were pushed into a deeper marginalization and small depressed villages of shacks and huts. Dependent upon capitalism and subordination to rich nations, primarily the United States, led to widespread movements demanding changes in the socio-economic structure of the countries. Many of the movements accelerated into demonstrations and militant type activism. Strong military response was called upon by the dictatorships to react to the militants with extreme control over all demonstrations, which escalated into widespread acts of violence from both sides.
With the demand for change among the popular sections of society, a revolutionary atmosphere developed. Armed uprisings appeared in many of the countries in hopes to over throw the ruling dictators and governments.
The churches, missionaries, charismatic bishops and priests became actively involved in their social miss...
... middle of paper ...
...t Jesus Christ's mission of justice in this world.
The Liberation theology attempts to maintain tradition within religious practices. The foundation for Christianity is the main goal in liberation theology. Aims to liberate the poor and unjust in society are key elements in returning to the gospel of the early church for liberation theologians. In contrast, the social movement centers on transforming society which leads to the dismissal of traditional and earlier practices of Christianity. Criticism of the social movement stems from its attempt to create a heaven on earth. Proponents of the liberation theology essentially believe in the ultimate heaven and waiting for Jesus's return as he promised. The social movement dismisses those claims and assumes that heaven can be created here on earth through the form of transforming society into perfect peace and harmony.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Arising out recent class discussion topics touching on the ideas of James Cone’s ideas on Liberation Theology and the relationship between the Cross and the Lynching Tree, our group decided to focus the topic of our presentation around Liberation Theology. However, in order to create a counter argument to stimulate further discourse, we introduced the Theology of Prosperity, as an opposing theological concept, to our presentation. Hence, we came up with the topic of Liberation Theology vs. Theology of Prosperity.... [tags: Theology]
1064 words (3 pages)
- Liberation theology is religious phenomenon which bursts on the scene in the 1960’s. A consciousness for injustice was always prevalent in the Church, but the “theologies of liberation, particularly the classical Latin American variety, evolved in protest against the inability in Western church and missionary circles, both Catholic and Protestant, to grapple with the problems of systemic injustice.” (Boch 443) To truly understand the critiques of missiology which have been articulated by Latin American liberation theologies and Asian theologies, one must first understand liberation.... [tags: Theology, Church]
1002 words (2.9 pages)
- The populist governments, seen in the 1950’s and 1960’s in South America, spurred industrial growth and a sense of “consciousness” amongst the inhabitants of the Latin American countries. The industrial growth greatly benefited the middle-class and the working-class; however, the poor were driven into shantytowns and rural areas. To illustrate the great poverty of this time in Latin America, people living in “shantytowns” resided in vast settlements built of cardboard and other available materials such as metal and sheets of plastic.... [tags: Populist Governments, South America]
1738 words (5 pages)
- Liberation theology was considered both a radical and political movement in Roman Catholic Theology. It proposes the fight of poverty and goes in depth into the relationship of Christian theology and political activism. It interpreted Jesus’ teachings in relation to liberation through economic, political and social conditions. Liberation Theology spoke on how the Christian church should act in order to bring social change as well as support itself with the working group. It also explains how the church should be a movement for people who were denied their rights which resulted in poverty and being stripped of human beings.... [tags: christians, church, god]
942 words (2.7 pages)
- Liberation Theology “But the poor person does not exist as an inescapable fact of destiny. His or her existence is not politically neutral, and it is not ethically innocent. The poor are a by-product of the system in which we live and for which we are responsible. They are marginalized by our social and cultural world. They are the oppressed, exploited proletariat, robbed of the fruit of their labor and despoiled of their humanity. Hence the poverty of the poor is not a call to generous relief action, but a demand that we go and build a different social order.” ¹ ― Gustavo Gutiérrez During the 1950s and 60s nationalistic consciousness and significant industrial development in the areas of P... [tags: marginalization, dictators, government]
2310 words (6.6 pages)
- Understanding Liberation Theology Daniel Levine's Popular Voices in Latin American Catholicism fills our minds with age old questions and yet provides us with the information needed to answer these questions. Throughout his writings, though obviously more concentrated in Chapter two, Levine unveils the history and worth of what is called liberation theology. Though Levine details the uses and importance of this lesser known religious outlook, I believe he does a better job of allowing us to very much understand the central ideas, beliefs, methods, and history of the liberation theology.... [tags: Daniel Levine Theology]
971 words (2.8 pages)
- Theology is widely accepted as the study of God and religious beliefs. Liberation theology applies the study of God and religious beliefs, to the study and experience of racial, gender and class oppression. As such, liberation theology is a theology of, by, and for those doing (as in praxis) the theology and those in solidarity with them. Such reasoning has led to formations of various liberation theologies (Yellow, Red, and Black) that speak to various oppressed groups. From this line comes, the philosophy of Black liberation theology, which seeks to liberate people of color from multiple forms of political, social, economic, and religious subjugation by interpreting Christian theology as a... [tags: God, Religion, Blacks, America]
1913 words (5.5 pages)
- Liberation Theology Liberation theology is situational. The emergence of liberation theology and the interpretation of the Bible under liberation theology stems directly to the participants place in society. As the title suggests, liberation theology interprets the Bible as a document of hope that will give strength and validity to a struggle against an oppressor. Liberation theology rises out of a new political consciousness. The oppressed people have to realize they are oppressed and that the Bible text can be used as a tool to overcome their oppressors.... [tags: Essays Papers]
634 words (1.8 pages)
- Liberation Theology I see [liberation theology] as a 'theology of the people,' rather than of professional theologians; rising out of the cries of the oppressed; refined in the experience of those who may not even be able to read and write; clarified in thousands of base communities; embodied in lives that risk everything to be faithful to the good news that God hears their cry, sides with them in their distress, and works with them for liberation- a liberation in which they play a central role even while recognizing that the ultimate attainment of liberation will be God's gift.... [tags: Literature Literary Essays]
790 words (2.3 pages)
- Black Liberation Theology can be defined as the relationship that blacks have with god in their struggle to end oppression. It sees god as a god of history and the liberator of the oppressed from bondage. Black Liberation theology views God and Christianity as a gospel relevant to blacks who struggle daily under the oppression of whites. Because of slavery, blacks concept of God was totally different from the masters who enslaved them. White Christians saw god as more of a spiritual savior, the reflection of God for blacks came in the struggle for freedom by blacks.... [tags: African American Studies]
1822 words (5.2 pages)