A tropical rainforest is a humid, moist biome located near the Earth’s equator, with the world’s largest rainforest being in South America, Southeast Asia and Africa. Rainforests collect from 60 to 160 inches of rainfall throughout the year, with the constant humidity and moisture within the rainforest creates the perfect biome for tropical condition thriving plants and animals. One of the world’s best environments for biodiversity are the tropical rainforests, they contain 15 million species of plants and animals. The humid conditions of the tropical rainforests are ideal for bacteria and other microorganisms, these organisms remain active for the whole year being at their optimum temperature they break down, decompose the forest floors matter for example decayed plants and other dead animals. In other biomes such as Deciduous forests decomposed leaf litter on the forests floor contributes to the nutrients of the forests soil whereas a Tropical rainforest grows so rapidly that the plants consume the broken down litter. This result in the plants retaining most of the nutrients rather than the sold allowing them to grow larger than the deciduous forests, any nutrients that are absorbed by the soil is leaked out by the amount of rainfall leaving the soil unfertile and acidic.
The biodiversity of this particular biome is vast and rapidly growing. One of the main reasons that there are so many species and animals living within this biome is due to the constant warm weather. It also supplies an almost 100% chance of water and food for the animals within. Small animals, including monkeys, birds, snakes, rodents, frogs and lizards are most common in tropical rainforests. Most of these animals and some insects rema...
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...ge, the leaves will dry up and eventually fall to the ground creating producing the nutrients to the soil.
There is a wide variety of animals within the deciduous forest. Mammals, birds, reptiles, insects and microorganisms can all be found in the forest, some of the most common animals found are bears, deer, elk, squirrels, skunks and wood mice. Due to vast hunting seasons deer and elk within this biome have become near extinct. Animals migrate and hibernate to adapt to the climates of the deciduous forest, many birds will migrate to better weather and most mammals will hibernate during the months were food is limited. Another behavioural adaptation some animals have learned is storing berries and nuts to last the limited food times. They use the cold weather as almost a fridge because the cold climate helps preserve the berries and nuts for long periods of time.
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