What Were The Various Systems Of Bound Labor During The Chesapeake Colonies? What Accounts For Their Appearance?

What Were The Various Systems Of Bound Labor During The Chesapeake Colonies? What Accounts For Their Appearance?

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1. What were the various systems of bound labor that took hold in the Chesapeake colonies? What accounts for their appearance?
A. There were specific systems of bound labor that made the Chesapeake colonies very desirable to prospective settlers and current small land freeholders. Indentured Servitude lured more than 100,000 English settlers to Virginia to be a part of the tobacco economic boom in Chesapeake. Virginia established the headright system, “which guaranteed 50 acres of land to those who could pay the passage of a new immigrant to the colony. As a result of buying additional indentured servants and slaves, the colony’s largest planters accumulated ever-greater claims to land” (Henretta, Hinderaker, Edwards, Self 53).
There were 5,000 servants who registered to board the ship at the English port of Bristol. The servants initially came over to Bristol to look for work; however, the merchants persuaded them to sign contracts to labor in America because they could not afford to pay for their passage to America. Three quarters men and one quarter’s women were bound in contracts to work for a master for four to five years, and afterwards they were free to marry and work for themselves. If a servant endured the voyage to America and lasted the “seasonal period,” a harsh disease environment, it was a bargain for merchants. During the Chesapeake’s tobacco boom, “a male servant could produce five times his purchase price in as single year” (Henretta, Hinderaker, Edwards, Self 53).
Masters began misusing the servants, forcing them to work long hours, took away their right to marry, and physically abusing them without cause. The plantation life was so harsh on the indentured servants, many died before the contractual period. Alt...


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...dent, he withdrew the federal troops that had protected Indian enclaves there and in Alabama and Mississippi. The states, he declared, were sovereign within their borders (Henretta, Hinderaker, Edwards, Self 326). Jackson pushed the Indian Removal Act of 1830, an Act that directed the mandatory relocation of eastern tribes to territory west of the Mississippi. Jackson insisted that his goal was to save the Indians and their culture. Indians resisted the controversial act, but in the end most were forced to comply (Henretta, Hinderaker, Edwards, Self 326). The Act promised money and reserved land if they would relinquish their ancestral land east of the Mississippi River. The Indians continually resisted until Jackson sent troops to remove them by force in 1832. Over the next five years, 70 Indian peoples were forced to sign treaties and move west of the Mississippi.

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