What were the causes of World War One? Essay

What were the causes of World War One? Essay

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World war one or otherwise known as the Great War began in 1914 and lasted 4 long years (ended in 1918). Many countries (especially those with an Empire) enrolled in the war. It was between two alliances, fixed together.

Furthermore, a group of countries would form, what is called an Alliance. World War One consisted of two major Alliances, the first were the allies dubbed the Triple Entente and the central powers dubbed the Triple Alliance. The Triple Alliance involved Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy where as the Triple Entente consisted of Britain, France and Russia. Each alliance promised each other to defend one another no matter what the coming day had to bring. However, these Alliances had a strategic past…



The Triple Alliance was formed in 1882. In 1870 Germany became a united country; it had an ambition to have great power in the vein of Britain. Italy became a united country; too, they also wanted to be wealthy with a huge empire. These were two major hopes for Germany and Italy. However, Germany had later defeated France and took the French rich industrial areas of Alsace and Lorraine. After this Germany feared that France would attack to retain their land because France had built up its forces and their empire continued to increase in size (militarism). In 1879 Austria-Hungary and Germany formed an alliance. This started of was a great hope but soon things changed. The Austrian-Hungarian Empire was soon in danger of falling apart because some of it’s regions in Balkans expected independence and they were supported by Russia. Soon Austria-Hungary was anxious to help keep the empire together, and to protect it from Russians. This was another fear for Austria-Hungary! Finally, in 1882 Italy thought they wo...


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...and help another country, this was another short term cause because there were too many Alliances, primarily contradictory ones , every country was assuring to defend other countries , in response they would have to collaborate. Imperialism –trying to build up an Empire, because there were little countries to colonise, other countries competed for the only colonies left, they would also expand their borders with other neighbouring countries. Nationalism – having pride in your country, willing to defend it was another. Other short term causes were: the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the German invasion of Belgium that bought Britain into war ( because Britain promised to defend Belgium), rivalry between Britain and Germany over their naives and colonies and the actions of the Austria-Hungarians after the assassination and the way they treated Serbia.

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