The state of nature is a hypothetical state that provides a foundation of the legitimacy of the political authority for without a state of nature, man would not need a political authority. Within this state of nature all men are at liberty. The state of nature differs for each of the theorist. Hobbes’ state of nature is that of a state of war. Hobbes’ outlines that humans are unsociable, rational creatures who are all equal to each other in terms of mind and strength. This prevents any hierarchy forming naturally as the weakest can kill the strongest. Furthermore, all men have the right to everything and anything as well as having equal opportunity to reach their goals. This is then where conflict arises – as when two men desire the same end, both will engage in war since there is no one to stop them. Hobbes outlines three causes of disputes: ...
... middle of paper ...
...ws the people to hold that political authority to account, making sure the authority does best by its people.
In conclusion, Locke’s account of a legitimate political authority is the most persuasive in comparison to Hobbes and Rousseau. Locke’s state of nature does not paint a simplistic view of humans such as the other theorists who saw humans as being unsociable or the everyone would feel the same level of fear or compassion. Furthermore, Locke’s reasoning that comes from the state of nature as it solves the problems in his version of the state of nature – Rousseau’s reasoning is vague whilst Hobbes’ problems still continue. Finally, Locke’s authority allows for greater freedoms and also for rebellion possible without placing man back within the state of nature.
Thomas Hobbes Leviathan
Rousseau Social Contract
John Locke Two Treatis of Government
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- As previously mentioned, peace is needed to ensure that Democracy runs effectively. Without it, there is no political obligation for citizens to follow the laws put in place by their government; people generally do not feel obliged to follow rules of a broken system. That is why it is so essential for political leaders and government staffers to work together to ensure that everything is functioning the way it’s supposed to, at least on the surface. But when discord arise in the political arena, excluding disagreements on state law(s) and foreign policy, the fabric of our government begin to unravel.... [tags: Political philosophy, Law]
912 words (2.6 pages)
- The nature of a good life and its relation to political legitimacy is a subject which both Thomas Hobbes and Emma Goldman examine in their writings. Hobbes claims that only basic survival is necessary to live a good life because ultimately life is more valuable than comfort. Goldman on the other hand claims that freedom is far more important than simply living and a good life can only be lived by someone who is free to do as they please. In order for a political theorist to understand how legitimate governments and communities aught treat their citizens these theories are essential.... [tags: Political Philosophy Sociology]
947 words (2.7 pages)
- # Question 2. How do humans enter into a political community. What should be the relationship between the sovereign (explain what this is) and the citizens/subjects. Should the citizens have the right to dissent from the sovereigns authority. Discussion According to various theorists, including Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau, people have always departed their natural state and joined a political community. People will leave their natural state, especially if there is no supreme authority and become part of a political community through assent.... [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract, Democracy]
1948 words (5.6 pages)
- When looking into the ideas of political theorists it is important to the use of political concepts that may play an important role in what the theorists are suggesting and also how they may affect the relationship between to state and the individuals living within a state. The concepts that will be looked at within this essay are: power, authority and also accountability. Power in politics is a person who has the ability to influence a person in terms of their behaviour; however they possess no right to - unlike authority.... [tags: Politics ]
1960 words (5.6 pages)
- Over the course of the semester, the class has discussed a variety of theories about legitimacy and government. In Hobbes, authority hinges on the Leviathan, with Locke, authority rests on the people and with Rousseau, an extreme version of Locke. Yet in each case, there appears to be a focus on one individual or one group of people. What institutions can enforce that the group who possesses legitimate power do not overstep their authority. Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu advocates for a solution that results in a system of government that has the sovereign not abuse his or their power.... [tags: President of the United States]
816 words (2.3 pages)
- I will advance the thesis, if an enlightened despot seized power in the UK, and governed it justly, then the despot would have legitimate authority. By saying the despot’s authority would be legitimate, I mean that, even though the despot abruptly seized power without the explicit consent of the citizens, which would then result in a loss of autonomy and negative liberty, the authority is governing the society justly, so a small amount of their rights must be sacrificed for a better society.... [tags: political authority, rule, autonomy]
1739 words (5 pages)
- Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the discourse of international human rights and its importance has increasingly become indoctrinated in the international community. In the context of political and economic development, there have been debates on how and which rights should be ordered and protected throughout different cultures and communities. Though there is a general acceptance of international human rights around the globe, there is an approach that divides them into civil and political rights and social and economic rights, which puts emphasis where it need not be.... [tags: international community, covenant]
1488 words (4.3 pages)
- ... In “The Prince” Machiavelli viewed citizens as untrustworthy and encourages the leader to be heedful in trusting them. He says as their Prince people would do anything to protect him but when he is in danger they turn away. He understood that most people act for self interest and not for the interest of others. He saw that political success would not depend on chance or luck but through the eyes of fear. Machiavelli says, “The Prince must none the less make himself feared in such a way that, if he is not loved, at least he escapes being hated.” (10).... [tags: the prince, state of nature, free]
964 words (2.8 pages)
- Leviathan as bearer of supreme authority and nationals who posses certain inalienable rights. We should draw attention to Hobbes’ reasoning about natural law and civil or positive law. According to Hobbes they both match with scope, form and content. However, natural law, which is impartial, equitable, legitimate, and moral in natural state is not the law itself; it just disposes people to peace, mercy, and obedience. Natural law is the laws that have existed and will exist forever. Governors and judges come and go, but natural law will exist forever because it is divine law.... [tags: supreme authority, Thomas Hobbes]
918 words (2.6 pages)
- Obedience is a form of social influence in which a person yields to explicit instructions or orders from an authority figure. Already at an early age we are taught to obey authority figures within our social groups through influences such as parents, teachers or even religious establishments. The Agency Theory (Milgram 1963) supports the idea that a person will obey the Authority figure and work as an agent for this authority figure under the implied possibility of there being no consequences to their actions as either the authority figure will take on no liability or said authority figure has justified these action therefore they are acceptable.... [tags: social influence, authority, authority figure]
1477 words (4.2 pages)