To begin with, Samantha’s kinship includes 1 brother, 1 mom, 1 dad, 5 cousins, 5 aunts, 3 uncles, 1 grandma, and 1 grandpa. She refers to them using this descriptive system because she grew up in the United States where a modified descriptive system, called the Euro-American system, is most commonly used (Delaney 2004:195). As we began creating her kinship chart, she told me that her mom’s family all resides within five miles of where she currently lives, so they often see one another for birthday events or planned family get-togethers. Her father’s side resides in the Midwest and Samantha has only visited them a couple of times in her life. Regardless of the fact that she has more contact with her mother’s side, she considers
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...twork, males have considerably more authority than females. Women in her kinship network are supervised and only permitted to live a certain way of life that keeps to the traditional Filipino customs the males in her family impose. For example, doing housework, taking care of the children.
In all, while Samantha’s kinship network is based on people that are biologically related to her, the appearance of her friend Susan in her network signifies that kinship does not solely have to be based on biological ties, but can also include a very close friend. Indeed, kinship networks are growing and the terms necessary to qualify as kin are developing as people are affected by multiple perspectives, none of which are wrong, about what kinship should be based on depending on the cultures and environmental influences people experience throughout their lives.
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