This notion of sacrifice is rejected completely in the Upanishads. This is partly because of the way Hindus began to look at the human being. In the Upanishads texts the human being is seen as the most pure thing in the world and the goal is to enhance the purity of the soul by acting in an ethical manner in every aspect of life. As explained by professor Anne Monius, “every human being has an internal, immutable, and undying aspect to themselves, which is known as the atman” (Monius 2009). In the Upanishads, what the Hindus focus on is the quest for knowledge; this is the ‘new’ activity that human beings should pursue during their lifetime. This knowledge refers to th...
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...ual life where he enriches its soul constantly he will be reborn in a higher caste with a better life situation; which means he will be closer to the liberation of his soul.
The human being has no right to self pity. Why? Because the life and body they have now is the consequence of their actions in a past life, karma. Essentially, what one has now is what one deserves because of how they lived previously. This is why the Hindu tradition focuses so much on the way the human being should live their life, because it will have a repercussion in the next one.
The human being needs to be in physical and spiritual harmony to properly end the cycle of karma and be reborn in a more fortunate body and have a better life. The journey through this earth is a learning experience which the human being can benefit from by acting ethically and enhancing the purity of its soul.
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