What is Motor Neurone Disease (MND)? Essay

What is Motor Neurone Disease (MND)? Essay

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What is Motor Neurone Disease?
According to Talbot et al. (2010), Motor Neurone Disease, which is also known as MND, is when progressive degeneration occurs in the motor neurones of the brain and the spinal cord. Motor neurones are nerve cells that control the muscles in the body. They also stated that as the progressive degeneration occurs of these muscles, messages to the muscles stop working which leads to the muscles then becoming weak and they begin to waste. The wasting of muscle usually begins in the arms and legs of the person who is suffering from Motor Neurone Disease. Irish Motor Neurone Disease Association (2014) stated that some patients suffering from Motor Neurone Disease can develop a weakness or wasting of the muscles in their face and throat. If this does occur, the patient with Motor Neurone Disease can have problems with swallowing, talking, chewing, walking, drinking and even breathing.
According to HSE (2013), this disease usually progresses from one limb to another, onto breathing muscles and even to the tongue. Talbot et al. (2010) pointed out that there is no known specific cause for Motor Neurone Disease. HSE (2013) claim that in Ireland around 110 patients suffering from Motor Neurone Disease die each year from the disease. People aged 50 and over are more common to get it, however on rare occasions some people may get it in their 20s or 30s. Talbot et al. (2010) stated that females and males can both get Motor Neurone Disease, although males are two times more likely to get it.

Oral and Dental Considerations for Motor Neurone Disease
According to Bricker et al. (2002) the following are a list of things that should be taken into account regarding oral and dental considerations for patients suffering ...

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...eriences/nerves-brain/motor-neurone-disease-mnd/possible-causes-mnd-including-familial-mnd [Accessed on 23rd April 2014]
• HSE (2013) Motor Neurone Disease (Online) Available at http://www.hse.ie/eng/health/az/M/Motor-neurone-disease/ [Accessed on 22nd April 2014]
• IMNDA (2014) About MND (Online) Available at http://www.imnda.ie/about-mnd.html [Accessed on 22nd April 2014]
• MND Association (2011) Statutory Responsibilities for equipment support services – Motor Neurone Disease Association (Online) Available at http://www.mndassociation.org/Resources/MNDA/Getting%20Help/Statutory_Services_Report.pdf [Accessed on 23rd April 2014]
• Oliver, D. (2011) Motor Neurone Disease: A family affair, first edition, SPCK Publishing
• Talbot, K., Turner, M. R., Marsden, R. and Botell, R. (2010) Motor Neuron Disease a practical manual, first edition, Oxford University Press

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