What Is Intelligence As The Capacity For Learning, Reasoning, Understanding, And Formal Operational Periods

What Is Intelligence As The Capacity For Learning, Reasoning, Understanding, And Formal Operational Periods

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Dictionary.com defines intelligence as the capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity; aptitude in grasping truths, relationships, facts, meanings, etc (intelligence, 2016). What does this mean and how does it apply to the average person? For the purpose of this paper I will be using theories from Piaget (Concrete-operational and Formal-operational periods), Gardner (Multiple intelligences) and Sternberg (Triarch) in an attempt to gain better insight into human intelligence.
The Concrete-operational period encompasses middle school and late elementary school years approximately age’s seven to eleven. “The realization that your perspective is not the only one happens in this period. The thinking of children in the concrete-operational phase is limited to the tangible and real, to the here and now” (Kail & Cavanuagh, 2014, p. 196-197).
An example of this theory in action is a child’s ability to perceive change or lack thereof in matter. “By around seven years the majority of children can conserve liquid, because they understand that when water is poured into a different shaped glass, the quantity of liquid remains the same, even though its appearance has changed. Five-year-old children would think that there was a different amount because the appearance has changed. Conservation of number develops soon after this. Piaget (1954b) set out a row of counters in front of the child and asked her/him to make another row the same as the first one. Piaget spread out his row of counters and asked the child if there were still the same number of counters. Most children aged seven could answer this correctly, and Piaget concluded that this showed that by seven years of age children were able to conse...

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...erance and academic advantage are the pros of the integrated classroom. Conversely, Social disadvantage, academic disadvantage and tolerance are the disadvantages of the integrated classroom. The pros and cons need to continue to be weighed so that the plan works to the benefit of the student and does not cause a decrease in achieving the academic goals of either the individual or of the other students in the class.
As you can see from all of the information contained, intelligence is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. Genetic and environmental factors provide the perfect balance into what shapes human intelligence. With the inability to distinguish between which factor has greater impact on intelligence I believe this will be a continued source of debate and scrutiny well into the future.

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