What Is Information Security And Why It Is Important?

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What is Information Security and why it is Important? Information security refers to “the process and methodologies that are designed and implemented to protect print, electronic, or any other form of confidential, private and sensitive information or data from unauthorized access, use, misuse, disclosure, destruction, modification, or disruption” (SANS Institute, n.d.). Information security programs are important in maintaining confidentiality, integrity, and availability (figure 1 page X). For example, a Trojan horse was planted on your system and result in the loss of customers’ personal and financial information. This failure to protect data will result in a loss, legal liability, and goodwill. In this scenario, both confidentiality and integrity are affected. Information security is critical as technological advancement grows so is the need for privacy. Confidentiality referred to: “The treatment of information that an individual has disclosed in a relationship of trust and with the expectation that it will not be divulged to others without permission in ways that are inconsistent with the understanding of the original disclosure” (University of California, Irvine, n.d.). Therefore, measures must be in place to prevent data breach as confidential information stored on computers has increased with time. The objective of this paper is to look at the pros and cons of privacy breaches caused by human errors and hacking. The purpose of this research paper is to prove that human error is the leading cause of breaches by looking at areas where the violation occurs. Those areas included but not limited to: 1. Loss of administrative credentials 2. Employee negligence 3. Third party access Types of Breaches Privacy breac... ... middle of paper ... ...o miraculously disappear. No matter how much you protect your organization mistakes will happen and breaches will occur because “they direct access to many types of critical systems, usually via their password or that of a colleague” (Car, 2002). Also, the types data breach incident is shown in figure 3 on page proving human errors are the leading cause of security breaches. Conclusion While hacking is a cause of information security, human error accounts for 52 percent of privacy violations, according to a new study from CompTIA, which surveyed individuals from hundreds of companies in the U.S. (Greenberg, 2015). Human errors such as loss of administrative credentials, employee negligence, and third-party access aren’t going anywhere, so the starting point for an organization should be trying to make data more secure since people will still sometimes make mistakes.

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