Leadership is the art of influencing others to their maximum performance to accomplish any task, objective or project (Cohen, 1990: 9).
"Leadership is an influence process that enables managers to get their people to do willingly what must be done, do well what ought to be done" (Cribbin, 1981).
“Leaders are born not made”, this is the most common assumption used by people when they refer leaders. Leaders tend to have certain inborn quality such as intelligence, courage and humour which together makes a man leader (john Adair 1984). Sir Basil said “it is the job of leaders in industry as elsewhere to get the best, the very best out of everybody.” According to Useem, “Leadership is a matter of making difference. It entails changing an organization and making active among plausible alternatives, and depends on the development of others and mobilising them to get the job done.” Leadership can be a relationship through which one person motivates, encourage and influence the behaviour and actions of other people. Leadership is the central feature of organisational performance. The most commonly and widely used measures of finding the leaders effectiveness is the extent to which the leaders group have achieved the task or the required goal. In many cases it can be measured through profit, increase in sales; increase in market shares and by growth of the company (Garyyukl 1989). In 21st century the way of working in the organization is changing at rapid speed and leading change can be said as effective leadership. When the leadership is effective in the organisation it improves the performance of the employees.
Leaders have different style and approaches for every situation. There has been a dee...
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...pproach according to the demand of the situation. Tesco trains leaders who can be ready for the change and have a long term vision for the organization.
There have been many debates whether leadership and management are the same but every research has different output. Many researchers have said that leadership and management are closely associated with each other but the debate still goes on. In different aspects leadership and management are always linked with each other. Leadership is one part of management which every management performs for the benefit of the organization. There are many examples like Steve Jobs of Apple, Bill Gates of Microsoft, Mark Zukerburg of Facebook and Azim Premji of Wipro who are the leading examples of leadership related to management. Leadership is one of the roles performed by the management in order to attain success.
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