What is Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)?
Dissociative Identity Disorder, also multiple Identity disorder, is classified as the presence within a person of two or more distinct personality states, each within its own pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self. It produces a lack of connection between a person’s memory, emotions, thoughts, and actions. Patients with this disorder will not be able to recall key personal information about themselves. A person can face anywhere from 2-100 different personalities.
DID is one of the most controversial psychiatric disorders. It seems the main reason for this dispute is between whether DID is caused by traumatic stress forcing the mind to split into multiple identities or the belief that patients try impersonate this disorder.
Studies show that in the general population about 1 to 3 percent meet full criteria for DID. This makes the disorder as common as bipolar and schizophrenia.
Given a diagnostic category in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) in 1980.
Switching is the process of shifting from one alter to another.
Despite its rareness, DID is portrayed with remarkable frequency in popular culture, producing or appearing in numerous books, films and television shows
Reported rates in the community vary from 1% to 3% with higher rates among psychiatric patients.
t is 5 to 9 times more common in females than males during young adulthood
Signs and Symptoms
• The individual experiences two or more distinct identities. These identities may involve to completely different life styles. A patient may create themselves entirely from scratch; their background, self-...
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...ks is common.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)- This method combines traumatic memories with the patient’s own resources.
Hypnosis is used to help patients gain insight on their other personalities and open their eyes to how their life is. The main goal is to help gain better control and understand why they have the multiple personalities.
Medications can be helpful to control emotions involved, however they do not lessen the occurrence of the emerging personalities.
There has been an increase of knowledge of DID in the last few decades. However, very little research has been done. Most of the knowledge received is through case studies and reports. Dissociative Identity disorder is classified by self-reported measures and interviews conducted by medical professionals. There is still much left unknown about dissociative disorders.
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