What is Cholera? Essay

What is Cholera? Essay

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What is Cholera? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is an illness caused by a bacterium named Vibrio cholerae that infects the intestines of the person in which it is occupying (CDC, 2013). The highly infectious disease can be traced back to ancient times in the Indian continent. It thrives in locations where still water can be found and areas where poverty limits the ability for proper water filtration. Cholera is easily found in water that has been contaminated by human feces that has been infected with the disease (CDC, 2013). During the first great epidemic of Cholera, a physician by the name of John Snow studied the relationships between the bacterium that he found and the deaths that were occurring because of the epidemic. The second epidemic of Cholera is when he questioned the theory that atmospheric “effluence” or “miasma” was the contributor for the spread of the disease (LSHTM Library & Archives, 2013). Later, an Italian scientist by the name of Filippo Pacini got involved with the discovery of the bacterium when the Cholera epidemic hit Florence, Italy in 1854. This is the time when Pacini linked the bacterium Vibrio cholerae to the disease of Cholera. 30 years later a German physician by the name of Robert Koch, the discoverer of the tubercle bacillus which caused tuberculosis in 1882, also came to the same conclusions as the Italian scientist (Frerichs, n.d.). Although all three gentlemen can be categorized as the finders of the Cholera producing bacterium it is said that Robert Koch is the main individual of the discovery because of his ability to culture the bacterium (Frerichs, n.d). Because of Koch’s culture not affecting animals, it is noted that only humans can be affected by the Ch...


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Fisher, M. (2012, March 06). An Epidemic After an Earthquake: The Cholera Outbreak in Haiti,Ppart 1. Retrieved from http://www.smartglobalhealth.org/blog/entry/an-epidemic-after-an-earthquake-the-cholera-outbreak-in-haiti/
Frerichs, R. (n.d.). Who First Discovered Vibrio Cholera?. Unpublished raw data, Department of Epidemiology, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA, Retrieved from http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/snow/firstdiscoveredcholera.html
WHO Media centre. (2014, February). Cholera. Retrieved from http://discovery.yukozimo.com/who-discovered-cholera/
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). (2014). John Snow Bicentenary. Retrieved from http://johnsnowbicentenary.lshtm.ac.uk/about-john-snow/
Steffen, R. (1999). Manual of travel medicine and health. Hamilton, Ontario: B.C. Decker Inc. DOI: www.bcdecker.com

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