Essay on What is Bio-fuel?

Essay on What is Bio-fuel?

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What is Bio-fuel?
Bio-fuels are fuels derived from sustainable and renewable biological sources (ABC’s). These sources, commonly referred to as Biomass, usually consists of either food crops (corn, sugar cane, wheat, and potato’s), various biological oils (peanut, sunflower, algae, and soy oil), or biological waste (waste vegetable oil, wood-chips, corn leaves and stalks, and yard waste) (Biofuels)(Biomass). Bio-fuels are often touted as a viable carbon-neutral replacement for carbon based fossil fuels. The hope of many Bio-fuel advocates is that the domestic production and use of these various fuels will help too reducing our dependence on foreign oil thus securing our energy Independence and strengthening our economy (Cleveland).

What are some of the different types of Bio-fuel?
There are many different types of Bio-fuels in use today and many others in development. The two most common forms of Bio-fuel are Bioethanol and Biodiesel.
Bioethanol is an alcohol based fuel which is most often derived via the fermentation of the sugar components of biomass by yeast or bacteria and is by far the world’s most common form of Bio-fuel. These biomass components known as feedstock’s (source materials for production) are mainly sourced from food crops high in sugar or simple starches like sugar cane, sugar beets, and corn. More recently, advanced techniques have allowed the use of more complex sugar polymers know as cellulosic biomass. Cellulosic biomass is the tougher, structural component of plant matter not commonly used as food. Cellulosic biomass feedstock’s currently under consideration include: stalks, leaves, husks, wood chips, sawdust, household waste, and fast growing grasses. These new sources of Bioethanol are, ev...


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“Biomass” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 2011. Web. 27 October 2011

“The ABC’s of Biofuels.” eere.energy.gov. U.S. DOE Energy Efficiency & Renewable

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Cleveland, Cutler “Cellulosic biofuels.” eoearth.org. Encyclopedia of Earth 11 Oct 2011.

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“Cellulosic_biofuels_1.jpg.” Diagram. eoearth.org. Encyclopedia of Earth 11 Oct 2011.

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“The Biofuels FAQ’s.” energyfuturecoalition.org. Energy Future Coalition n.d. Web. 26 Oct

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“What are Biofuels FAQ” ncbiofuels.net NC Biofuels n.d. Web 27 Oct 2011

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