What Does The Drive Reduction Theory?

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Discussion 9 Question 1: Motivation is a psychological process made of internal and external factors which spur our desire and energy to complete tasks, work hard, and conquer our goals. Motivation definitely compels us to achieve our goals. Therefore, it is like an internal force, which guides all our actions, wishes, and goals. Moreover, motivation keeps us energetic, committed, and interested in life. It includes drives and motives. Drives are motivators who have biological purposes. Good examples are hunger or thirst, whereas motives are psychological and social mechanisms. Question 2: The Drive-Reduction Theory, which was developed on 1943 by Clark Hull, indicates that humans are compelled to satisfy physiological needs in order to maintain homeostasis. According to the theory we tend to satisfy promptly the disturbances of homeostasis, because they cause physiological needs. This physiological needs cause psychological motives that we need to satisfy, in order to go back to homeostasis. The detractors of the theory argue that the theory is not valid, since people keep going even if they are starving. They indicate that some athletes push their abilities to the maximum, even at risk at their lives, as mountain climbers do. The theory proponents indicate that a person could never achieve a state of complete fulfillment and that is why people keep taking incredible risks. Homeostasis is our ability to adjust our internal environment to maintain our physiological equilibrium. This is important, because we need biological equilibrium before we can start learning, enjoying social gatherings, or performing our jobs. For example, as warm-blooded entities we have to maintain a constant body temperature The Self-Theory of... ... middle of paper ... ...rson, when I moved to California, I knew that learning English was the most important task. Fortunately, I was both intrinsically and extrinsically motivated to do it. Intrinsically, because I loved to learn and kept telling myself that success was not strange to me. Moreover, I knew that I will not be able to do well in a technical field. Therefore, I had to acquire the necessary skills to move on. At the same time, I was extrinsically motivated, because after my divorce, money became a big constraint. Fortunately, I was determined to give my daughters a comfortable life and great education. By the sense of competence, despite the lack of English and knowing how to deal with problems in life (autonomy) I took the read les traveled and eventually got my credentials. The most important achievement is that I taught my daughters that constraints are part of human life.

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