What Does It Mean? Essay

What Does It Mean? Essay

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Adler theorized that neurosis and all other psychological problems occur when people strive for superiority instead of healthy and constructive achievement (Adler as cited in Frager & Fadiman, 2005, p. 102).When people fixate into overcompensating perceived notions of inferiority, pathological problems appear. According to Adler, all behavior is goal directed and moves from a “felt minus” to a “perceived plus” (Adler as cited in Frager & Fadiman, 2005, p. 102). Felt minus is a sense of inferiority while perceived plus is a sense of accomplishment (p. 102). Healthy human development is prevented when humans fixate in a feeling of inferiority. The following section would introduce the conceptualization of neurosis and the obstacles to personal growth according to Adlerian psychology.
Individual or Adlerian psychology states that neurosis is an attempt to overcome a feeling of inferiority and to gain a feeling of competence (Bottome as cited in Frager & Fadiman, 2005, p. 103). Neurosis occurs in an attempt to move from a felt minus to a perceived plus. Because neurosis leads away people from society and solving real-life problems when they strive for personal power and prestige, it isolates people suffering from neurosis (Bottome as cited in Frager & Fadiman, 2005, p. 103). The neurotic individual builds relationships with others limited to hypersensitivity and intolerance (Bottome as cited in Frager & Fadiman, 2005, p. 103). In order to avoid responsibilities, interactions and service to society, neurotics live an imaginary life and establish a counter-compulsion; anxiety attacks, sleeplessness, compulsions, hallucinations, hypochondria, and so forth (Bottome as cited in Frager & Fadiman, 2005, p. 103).
Adler stressed three conditi...

... middle of paper ...

...ach new skills to the clients to solve their problem. (p. 154). Learning new skills, allows the client to cope with problematic situations. Adlerians help the client feel empowered and optimistic (p. 154). Empowerment and optimism motivate clients to solve their problem. Moreover, Adlerians attempt to create social interest in their clients in order for the clients to value working with others instead of isolating (p. 155). This would help clients learn to reach out for social support.
According to Disorders.org (2015), Adlerian therapy is can be applied to all forms of psychological disorders (Disorders.org, 2015, para. 13). Because Adlerian therapy is goal-oriented and acknowledges the feelings of inferiority as a human condition, it can be useful in treating personality disorders which are linked to feelings of inferiority, such as social anxiety (para. 13).

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