What Does Insecure Attachments? Infancy And Early Childhood Matter For Later?

What Does Insecure Attachments? Infancy And Early Childhood Matter For Later?

Length: 702 words (2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

To what extent do insecure attachments in infancy and early childhood matter for later

Attachment was first theorised by John Bowlby in his book; The Nature of the Childs Tie to His Mother (1958). Bowlby proposed that attachment was a evolutionary response to ensure survival (McLeod, 2007). This is demonstrated as infants will seek proximity and contact in times of stress or threat, we use this attachment figure as a safe base whilst we explore our surroundings (Killen & Coplan 2011). The individual to whom we attach however is not a biological response, it is instead a learned response as the primary caregiver is often the figure of attachment (Martin et al 2013). This attachment is defined as “a social and emotional bond between caregiver that spans space and time” (Martin et al, 2013, P. 462). It is this bond that establishes attachment as a critical development point for relationships, as our future relationships can be influenced by the quality of this first prototype. Following this attachment theory was further developed by Mary Ainsworth and her renowned experiment; the strange situation (1978). The purpose of the strange situation was to assess the quality of an infants attachment, this was achieved by observing the behaviour infants display when exposed to stranger and separation anxiety. Ainsworth et al concluded that infants displayed three separate types of attachment. Secure attachment is the favoured result, a child will show a preference to be with the mother as opposed to the stranger and will display distress when left with the stranger (Martin et al 2013). The remaining two attachment types are both insecure attachments; insecure ambivalent and insecure avoidant. These two types of attachment rep...

... middle of paper ...

... others is guided by expectations from this internal model. There are 3 main features of the internal working model: (1) a model of others as being trustworthy,(2) a model of the self as valuable and (3) a model of the selfs ability to interact with others (McLeod 2007). These 3 features are influenced by attachment type, if the individual is securely attached they will follow the model as described. However insecure ambivalent individuals will show tendencies to be angry and confused and insecure avoidant individuals will display signs of rejection and perceive themselves as unloved which are directly linked to the characteristics of the attachment types devised in the strange situation (Martin et al 2013). This establishes that our relationships are indeed built upon our attachment and that being insecurely attached puts us at risk of being emotionally and socially

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

What Do Insecure Attachments? Infancy And Early Childhood Matter For Later Development?

- To what extent do insecure attachments in infancy and early childhood matter for later development. Attachment focuses on a bond that happens between a mother and the infant, the tie is both social and emotional (Martin, Carlson and Buskist, 2013). Attachments are formed between many people and categorised depending on that relationship. For example, family members, The first attachment formed for an infant is usually between their mother or their primary giver and research would suggest it is this attachment which shapes any future attachments the child goes on to have....   [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]

Better Essays
1645 words (4.7 pages)

The Significance of Early Attachments for Later Peer Relationships and Adjustment

- The Significance of Early Attachments for Later Peer Relationships and Adjustment Attachment is a key area when studying the development of children. Attachment is a secondary drive that is derived from primary drives such as hunger. When a child is hungry they want feeding, this is the primary drive, they look to the mother for food, she provides it and the attachment made is the secondary drive. There are many different approaches, studies and theories concerned with attachment....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
2092 words (6 pages)

Childhood Attachment Disorders : A Profound Impact On The Developing Brain

- Insecure attachments in childhood can have a profound impact on the developing brain, which in turn affects an individual’s relationships, self-esteem, and self-regulation (Carruth, 2006). Substance use disorders are a common response to unresolved childhood pain which is perpetuated by the inability to self-soothe and regulate one’s emotions (Carruth, 2006; Minnis, Flemming, & Cooper, 2010). Those with undiagnosed attachment disorders can exhibit misguided attempts at protecting oneself through the use of substances....   [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth]

Better Essays
1990 words (5.7 pages)

Essay about Childhood Sexual Abuse And Its Effect On Empathy

- Childhood Sexual Abuse and its Effect on Empathy in Anxiously Attached Mothers Lynda Chau Southern Nazarene University Author Note Lynda Chau, Graduate Programs in Counseling, Southern Nazarene University. This manuscript was written for partial fulfillment of the requirements for Lynda Chau’s thesis project for the Master of Science degree. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Lynda Chau, Department of Psychology and Counseling, Southern Nazarene University, 6729 NW 39th Expressway, Bethany, OK 73008....   [tags: Attachment theory, Attachment in adults]

Better Essays
4182 words (11.9 pages)

Impact of Childhood Attachment and Separation Experiences upon Adult Relationships

- Impact of Childhood Attachment and Separation Experiences upon Adult Relationships Abstract This qualitative research was conducted to ascertain if the attachment style a person has as an adult is created or influenced by his/her interactions with early childhood experiences. The research was carried out by means of a thematic analysis of an interview of a married middle-aged couple. The interviews bought the themes of Work, Childhood and Relationships to the foreground and these were analysed to establish if there is a connection in our childhood attachments and those we make as adults....   [tags: Qualitative Research, Qualitative Correlation]

Better Essays
2419 words (6.9 pages)

Does Early Attachment Always Impact The Later Relationship? Essay examples

- Does early attachment always impact the later relationship. Harry F. Harlow revealed the importance of early secure attachment for healthy affectional development in the macaque monkey experiment. Likewise, Lucy Scott Brown and John Wright reported the significant relationship between early secure attachment experiences and sound adolescent development in their research (15). Yet, Jeong Shin An and Teresa M. Cooney found insecurity and mistrust from the early insecure attachment experiences can be reworked and resolved (411) through altruistic activities and social bonding (418)....   [tags: Attachment theory, Developmental psychology]

Better Essays
1157 words (3.3 pages)

The Four Kinds of Attachments Essay

- Ever wondered, why instinctively you knew that being very close to your parents or caregivers was so vital to your survival. Why did you feel like you were dying when you were not near them and when they would walk away from you just being in reach distance, you felt like you were lacking oxygen. There is a scientific explanation for all of this, it is called something that we all heard of before but do not know the psychological aspect of it. It is called attachment. There are four kinds of attachments....   [tags: secure, insecure, ambivalent]

Better Essays
1608 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on Attachment Theory As Defined By Harris And White

- Attachment theory as defined by Harris and White (2013) examines the connection between infants and young children to their caregivers. Studying attachment is important in understanding behavior because it develops at such a young age and has an influence on all future relationships including dysfunctional family connections, challenges to adolescent peer relationships (Iwaniec & Sneddon, 2001; Reyome, 2010; ). As identified by Ainsworth (1982), there are three categories of attachment which include secure, avoidant, and anxious/ambivalent....   [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby, Attachment therapy]

Better Essays
1036 words (3 pages)

Attachment Theory, The Emotional Bond Between People, And Adult Romantic Relationships

- Attachment is defined as the emotional bond between people, particularly in long term relationships like parent and child, peer friendships, and adult romantic relationships. The theme of attachment theory is that a caregiver who is responsive to an infant’s needs allows the infant to feel secure, happy, healthy, and well taken care of (Bowlby’s Ethological Theory). Since infants require someone to tend to their needs, they develop mental working models of attachment to deem if caretakers are trustworthy and whether or not they are worthy of that care....   [tags: Attachment theory, Attachment in adults]

Better Essays
1468 words (4.2 pages)

The Exploration Of Attachment Between Primary Caregivers And Infants Essay

- The oxford dictionary defines ‘attachment’ as affection, fondness, or sympathy for someone or something. The exploration of attachment in psychology is important for society as Bowlby (1973), the founder of such attachment theories, explains that early attachment models between primary caregivers and infants are vital in life development, with such patterns able to shape or heavily contribute to adult behaviours and lifestyle. With this being said, and if true, it is imperative that research in such areas is balanced and beneficial in terms of helping individuals and even prevention of potential harm in development by providing education based on valid research....   [tags: Attachment theory, Psychology]

Better Essays
986 words (2.8 pages)