What Did The Invention Of The? `` Free Lunch? Essay

What Did The Invention Of The? `` Free Lunch? Essay

Length: 1453 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the introduction Mokyr supports the idea of “‘free lunch,’” that is, an increase in output that is not commensurate with the increase in effort and cost necessary to bring it about.”1 He believes that four processes work together to make economic advances; investment, trade, the correct amount of population growth and technological innovations, and he chooses to focus solely on technological advances. There is a “residual” part of economics that cannot be explained by a certain event in time or innovation that was made, it was simply an advance that would be called “free lunch.”2 Francis Bacon actually thought that there were two separate types of invention, one that could have been made any time in history and one that had to happened at a certain time in history due to previous innovations that had to happen first. Invention was almost irrelevant to the progress of economics, while innovation was important. Innovation was the “application of old knowledge,” while invention was the creation of “new knowledge,” but both are actually needed for a country to flourish, one cannot go without the other.3 Economist can make predicts and state ideas of why certain societies flourish in technology, but there is no one answer that is correct because it varies with each society. Innovation and invention has components that make them complementary to each other, such as; the environment and the social status. Inventions can be made in one society but may need to be altered and innovated to be used in another society. There are certain conditions that Mokyr sets up to why a society can possible be technologically advanced. There must be an abundance of innovators that must accept the physical environment and make improvements to reflect th...

... middle of paper ...

... brakes. Along with the innovations made on the stagecoaches came the creation of an international postal system. Mokyr also termed this period to be “the age of exposure effects,” due to the importing of a lot of technology, such as many different crops. The “Mathematicians and engineers discovered that they needed each other,” because the production of material to improve mathematics was proving to be too expensive. Mass production came shortly after Galileo and the discovery that “his theory of mechanics and concept of force lies at the basis of all machines.”21 The production continued to be centered in the city, until the Reformation and Counter-Reformation created wars that destroyed major production sites. This combined with the government laws and rules pushed production into the countryside where it was cheaper labor and less laws inhibiting the production.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Invention Of Mass Culture And The Jazz Age Essay

- In the years preceding the Great depression, one would not have guessed of its catastrophic nature. It was a time of both social and political change around the nation, and the economy was thriving. The era brought with it a new independence for women, the invention of mass culture and the jazz age. However, this era was forced to end when the treacherous events of the 30’s and 40’s emerged. In 1924, it was the height of the roaring twenties: there was minimal unemployment nationwide, Edwin Hubble was proposing ideas about spiral nebulae, and the Gatsby lifestyle was everywhere....   [tags: Great Depression, Wall Street Crash of 1929]

Better Essays
1227 words (3.5 pages)

Healthy, Hunger Free Kids Act Essay

- Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act The unhealthy trend of Food in the United States is alarming with 1 in 3 children being obese or overweight. In the U.S. there is a lack of culture when it comes to food; our culture of food is essentially too much sugar, fat, and salt without enough fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act has all of the right principles to provide nutritious meals to students but yet, we are seeing uproar from our youth and I am curious to find out why....   [tags: Nutrition, Health, Food, Eating]

Better Essays
1205 words (3.4 pages)

National Breakfast And Lunch Program Essay examples

- National Breakfast and Lunch Program The problem was that every more and more children were failing classes in school. It is not always due to the child having issues or that they have a mental disease. A lot of what we eat as humans, especially children will have an effect on our moods and behavior. The breakfasts and lunches that in the past have been served at schools are packed full of fat and sugar. This can cause children to become tired in classes, fall asleep, or it can puts the child into a sugar-dosed coma where they lose all focus in the class....   [tags: Nutrition, Meal, Lunch, School]

Better Essays
1005 words (2.9 pages)

The For The National School Lunch Program Essay

- My chosen emotion is concern, it is so easy to get wrapped up in everyday life and forget that others are counting on us for support and it is easy to forget to show concern for others. Moreover, I have a job that deals with giving free and reduced lunch benefits to families that qualify for the National School Lunch program, many times a family applies and then either can 't get any benefits or at times will lose their benefits because their income is higher than they initially reported (we do verify some household 's income)....   [tags: Family, Time, National School Lunch Act]

Better Essays
784 words (2.2 pages)

Should School Lunch Reforms Affect Students? Essay

- Education plays a dominant role in the lives of students all over the United States. Since most students spend roughly eight to twelve hours in school, it is important to make sure that they are provided with a healthy and nutritious breakfast, lunch and snack. Unfortunately, in today’s society, school administrators focus heavily on standardized test scores and school rankings thus adding more pressure on students and teachers. This being said, schools have begun to focus on providing healthy foods because they help increase a person’s cognitive and critical thinking ability....   [tags: Nutrition, Lunch, Standardized test, Meal]

Better Essays
1042 words (3 pages)

President Harry Truman 's School Lunch Program Essay

- President Harry Truman initiated The School Lunch Program (NSLP) in 1946, it was established under the National School Lunch Act. The program provides nutritionally balanced, low‐cost lunches to more than 32 million boys and girls each school day.The NSLP ensures the nutrition,portion, and safety of our children food, over the years do to the rise of childhood obesity the The USDA School Lunch Program is constantly evolving to meet the needs of our youth. Many concerned citizens, such as Eric schlosser author of Fast Food Nation believes that the USDA is not providing our children with the right nourishment....   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, National School Lunch Act]

Better Essays
1365 words (3.9 pages)

The Common Problem Of The Lunch Program Essay

- The most common problem in today’s world in the schools is the lunch program that they now have. Students in which are currently complaining they are not receiving enough to eat at school. Kids do not like the fact that there is no other food choices to pick from anymore. These students are hardly feeling full from these meals. These young age children, and teenagers are required to be receiving the right amount of food. So that children, and teenagers are acquiring the required amount of nutrients that they need to grow, and to be stronger....   [tags: Food, Nutrition, Meal, Lunch]

Better Essays
1085 words (3.1 pages)

Comparing The Anne Allison Article And Japanese Style Of Lunch Essay

- After completing the interviews and collecting my own memories, I had the chance to analyze and compare the differences and similarities to the Anne Allison article and the Japanese style of lunch. One of the first things from the Allison article that I found to be the most striking, was the face that mothers spent hours planning and preparing the lunches for their children. In the American culture, many mothers work and if they do not, they spend very little time packing the lunch for their children....   [tags: Lunch, Packed lunch, Meal, Mother]

Better Essays
1205 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on The National School Lunch Program

- The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) was authorized in 1946 through the National School Lunch Act making it the oldest of all child nutrition and food assistance programs. The reason Congress initiated this program was because it was a “measure of national security, to safeguard the health and well-being of the nation’s children and to encourage the domestic consumption of nutritious agricultural commodities and other food” (Stillman 451). The NSLP set the standards for the foods that were offered and the goal of the meal pattern was to provide at least one-third of the recommended dietary allowances for children over the period of one week....   [tags: Nutrition, Fat, National School Lunch Act, Health]

Better Essays
763 words (2.2 pages)

Naked Lunch Essay

- Naked Lunch Naked Lunch has been described by the author as "brutal, obscene, and disgusting." It was declared "obscene, indecent, and impure... and taken as a whole... predominantly prurient, hardcore pornography and utterly without redeeming social importance," when brought to trial in Boston in 1965. However, declaring William Burroughs' novel to be completely without redeeming social importance seems inaccurate. Naked Lunch paints a vivid portrait of addiction in all its horror, and of the steady degradation of the addicts around whom the novel centers....   [tags: Naked lunch Essays]

Free Essays
406 words (1.2 pages)