Around the time of federation in Australia, the term 'white man 's country ' could be used to describe Australia to a significant extent. During this period many were occupied with the welfare of the empire, and the declining birth-rate at the time left many deeply concerned about the success of the new nation.1 There was also apprehension about non-white immigration, particularly Asian, and this saw the press publishing anti-Asian immigration material.2 Furthermore, in 1901 the newly federated Australia passed two significant pieces of legislation which express the 'white man 's country ' sentiment clearly. Namely, the 'immigration restriction act ' which essentially prevented non-Europeans from entering Australia, and the 'Pacific Islanders repatriation act ' which repatriated Islanders and made importing them as labourers illegal.3
What impact did the Great Depression have on Australian Society?
Australia 's 'great depression ' had many impacts upon Australian society. One noteworthy impact was that it was a factor in the demise of the communist party. That is, although the circumstances of the depression saw the rise of pro-communist fervour in some, the attitude and strategy of the communist party ended in it becoming disconnected from the general population, and it elicited a harsh response by the government. Both of which resulted in the party becoming impotent.4
The depression also brought people together and fostered a spirit of comradeship, leading to a culture of helping and sharing. People learnt to live positively in spite of difficult economic circumstances, which further served to stre...
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...ness, though, was challenged by the likes of Ward, who proposed a new identity, which other historians have dismissed as myth. This new identity was based on bush folklore and strove to glorify the rural labourers, claiming that they represented the Australian identity, while ignoring the urban population. Although historians such as Ward strove to undermine the British identity, the post-war period saw this take place in spite of folklore. Here, Australia started to break away from the influence of Britain and the country saw an influx of immigrants from non-English speaking countries. Governments adopted multicultural policy, leading Australia to develop a multicultural national identity. However, although Australia 's identity is now multiculturalism, this has left some asserting that multiculturalism has only fractured and fragmented the nations national identity
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