A greenhouse gas is any gaseous compound in the atmosphere that is capable of absorbing infrared radiation, thereby trapping and holding heat in the atmosphere. By increasing the heat in the atmosphere, greenhouse gases are responsible for the greenhouse effect, which ultimately leads to global warming. (EPA Environmental Protection Agency, 2014)
An analogy of a greenhouse effect is the effect that you get when you go to the beach in a hot summer day and you leave your car with the windows closed. After you come back and open the car door you get a furnacelike blast of heat in your face. Inside the car everything is too hot to touch. This is similar to what the earth experiences when heat enters the atmosphere and is not reflected back.
According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the gases that are mostly responsible for global warming are water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), and chlorofluorocarbon (CFC). Humans are largely responsible for releasing these gases into the air. Gases like methane is used by farmers in practices such as livestock manure management. Carbon dioxide is released mostly from burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas. Cutting up trees (deforestation) prevents the conversion of CO2 into Oxygen in our planet through a process called photosynthesis.
Electricity production causes approximately 67 percent of 2014 greenhouse emissions, transportation contributes about 26 percent, industry is responsible for about 21 percent, commercial and residential generates about 12 percent, agriculture produces 9 percent, and land use and forestry yielded 11 percent. (EPA Environmental Protection Agency, 2014)
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...government will be responsible for planting 1 billion trees by the year 2025. Trees will be planted where deforestation has taken place in the past and also in other needed areas of our nation. Another act called Buy-a-Tree Plant-a-Tree Act will encourage people to buy trees to plant them on their properties. Out of every tree that they buy, the government will cover 50 percent of the costs.
New Transportation. Minimize our dependency on fuel. As much as we love our cars, no one likes to pump that expensive gasoline into their tanks. The money is already being spent so why not invested on cleaner energy that doesn’t harm the planet. Oil corporations are spending millions of dollars trying to find oil. Creating new cars that run on other types of energy (e.g., solar, wind) will be the next step to the future. This new industry will also create new jobs for everyone.
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