Western Feminism and Development Essay

Western Feminism and Development Essay

Length: 1116 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Western feminism and development
Western feminism started mainly emphasizing on women’s role in development during the 1970s what is known as the “Second Wave” of feminist movements. Ester Boserup, a Danish economist, analyzed development as an ideology that excluded women, and proposed alteration in looking at the established development processes, and policies in her book “Woman’s Role in Economic Development” in the 1970. Aguinaga et al (2013) mentions that Boserup’s book resulted to the first World Conference on Women, which the United Nations declared the next decade the “Decade of Women” and institutionalized women’s perspective as part of development on July 2, 1975 in Mexico. Until the 1970s, women had only been considered in development policies as submissive beneficiaries, as being mothers and housewives, while training, technology and finance were in the hands of men. The Western model became popular through development programs and the model focused on the home as a standard recipient unit and women were dependants, in charge of the home. More particularly the model considered men as breadwinners with a salaried job. Hence, the involvement of UN lead to including women in development areas and development related resources and lead to concepts like Women in Development” (WID), “Women and Development” (WAD) and “Gender and Development” (GAD).
In the “Women in Development” (WID) huge numbers of NGOs were involved, that were programmed so that women can gain access funds and be included as program beneficiaries in the development process. “Women and Development” (WAD) its roots in Marxist feminism and the theory of dependence, which believes that the fruit of development which the North or western world enjoys is the ...


... middle of paper ...


...ironmental destruction, but also by the complicity between those who hold local power - and try to carry out “development” - and the forces of global capital.
References
1) Bruno, J.P. , 2006-08-10 "Feminist Approaches to Development and the Critique to Western Feminist Paradigms" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal Convention Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Online . 2013-12-16 fromhttp://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p103333_index.html
2) Rai, S. 1998 "Engendered Development in a Global Age?" CSGR Working Paper No. 20/98, December 1998 from http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/2105/1/WRAP_Rai_wp2098.pdf
3) Aguinaga,M., Lang,M., Mokrani,D., & Santillana, A., 2013 “Development Critiques and Alternatives: A Feminist Perspective” from http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/beyonddevelopment_critiques.pdf


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Feminism And The Non West Essay

- While feminist scholarship constantly strives to challenge misconceptions about how structures in society oppress their subjects, Chanda explains that many feminists themselves have fallen victim to the fallacies they sought to debunk (486). Ipshita Chanda’s “Feminist Theory in Perspective” outlines the many ways in which feminist scholarship has approached development in the third world in order to express that the oppressions experienced by women in the non-west are based on different material realities from women in the west (486)....   [tags: Feminism, Sociology, Third-wave feminism]

Strong Essays
1004 words (2.9 pages)

Is The Burqa Hinders The Progression Of Feminism? Essay

- I am going to talk to you about is the burqa hinders the progression of feminism. At the beginning of this, I thought that the use of the burqa is not right, I believe that women shouldn’t have to cover themselves so it’s easier for me to resist temptation. I also believe that it’s not right for countries to place a law on the wearing of these cloths. For example, I don’t think it’s right for Iran to enforce the wearing of the hijab in public and for France to ban the wearing of the burqa out in public as it interferes with basic human rights that everyone should be allowed to have religious freedom (human rights acts, 1998 (7)) Some Muslims believe that the Qur’an, which is the Muslims hol...   [tags: Islam, Human rights, Feminism, Sharia]

Strong Essays
1780 words (5.1 pages)

Feminism And Revolutionary Struggles Of China Essay

- The article “Feminism and Revolutionary Struggles in China” explores that many ways that china was colonialized and faced gender inequality. Women should be treated just like any other man but they have a lower status in society; and they will never have full equality in the society. China develops a case study that tries to associate feminism and socialism during the revolutionary change Jayawardena, 1986, p. 167). An investigation of the advancement of woman 's rights and women 's activist action in China in which the Chinese experience diverges from that of different nations gives numerous lessons and knowledge to those intrigued in the examination of such issues as the impediments of...   [tags: Feminism, Women's rights, Women's suffrage]

Strong Essays
970 words (2.8 pages)

Second Wave Feminism And Its Attitude Toward Women Essay

- In this essay I will discuss second-wave feminism and its attitude toward women in the household, and the sex/gender binary. I will aim to explain the basis of second-wave feminism and how it undermined women’s ability to define themselves. In contrast to this I will explore third-wave feminism and it’s attempt to reconcile the mistakes of second-wave by being intersectional, without definition and non-judgemental. I will further discuss how gender is defined by the self, but also by society, and how third-wave feminisms fall victim to defining women....   [tags: Feminism, Gender, Feminist theory]

Strong Essays
917 words (2.6 pages)

Social Media Is Influencing Feminism During The Modern World Essay

- Over the last two decades, feminist always is one of the fundamental challenges and topic in social science. Feminist involved in women, men, hierarchy and social life. (Harding, 1987, p1) In the histories, Griselda Pollock talked that, “women have not been omitted through forgetfulness or mere perpetuation of a gender hierarchy.” This explained that explained that society was ideologically leading people to continuously receive and adopt a gender hierarchy where the female is secondary to the male....   [tags: Sociology, Feminism, Gender, Feminist theory]

Strong Essays
1056 words (3 pages)

Feminism : The Greatest Resistance Movements Of The 20th Century Essay

- Identified as one of the greatest resistance movements of the 20th century (Ortner 2013, p.530), feminism has made significant gains for women on a global scale. Feminist activism has been successful in achieving its many goals for women (Ortner 2013, p.530), particularly contesting gender equality and the oppression and subordination of women worldwide, improving opportunities for participation in education, workforce, political and economic environments (Bruns & Kaschak 2011, p.1). However, despite the gains of the women’s liberation movement in the 20th century, feminism today is widely perceived as being in crisis, with postmodern ideas challenging its core assumptions and an increase in...   [tags: Feminism, Feminist theory, 21st century, Gender]

Strong Essays
1648 words (4.7 pages)

Feminism, Womanhood, and The Yellow Wallpaper

- Feminism, Womanhood, and The Yellow Wallpaper       The Victorian period in American history spawned a certain view of women that in many ways has become a central part of gender myths still alive today, although in a diluted way. In this essay, some characteristics of this view of women, often called "The Cult of True Womanhood", will be explored with reference to Thomas R. Dew "Dissertation on the Characteristic Differences Between the Sexes (1835). Some of the feminist developments arising in conflict with this ideal will also be traced....   [tags: Feminism Feminist Women Criticism]

Strong Essays
2210 words (6.3 pages)

Feminism Past And Present : Ideology, Action, And Reform By Camille Paglia

- Feminism Past and Present: Ideology, Action, and Reform by Camille Paglia details the realm of feminism throughout the progression of time. It touches on topics such as women in politics, the history of feminism, and the sexist aspect of feminism. However, most importantly is the discussion of feminism in oppressive societies which I believe is a significant topic that needed to be probed. Feminism in oppressed societies is a relevant topic that continues to be relevant today. It will continue to be prevalent until something great happens and someone comes forward to raise awareness....   [tags: Feminism, Sociology, Muslim world, Globalization]

Strong Essays
1259 words (3.6 pages)

Feminism in Sophocles' Antigone and Shakespeare's Othello Essay

- Feminism in Antigone and Othello          Feminism has been one of the most important forces in shaping our modern-day society. Thanks to the women's rights movement, females today enjoy rights and freedoms that are unprecedented in the history of Western civilization. However, it was not always this way. Whereas modern literature that contains feminist messages barely gets a second thought, readers in our time are intrigued and impressed by feminist works coming from a decidedly male-biased past....   [tags: Feminism Feminist Women Criticism]

Strong Essays
2412 words (6.9 pages)

Essay on Feminism in Literature

- Books, plays, and movies that depict culture and social life often make statements about social issues such as gender roles, racism, and class distinction. Stories set up a context in which characters relate, often representing “stock” characters chosen from society and placed in situations where their stereotypical behaviors—and sometimes their breaking of these stereotypes—are highlighted. As feminism became a popular movement in Western countries in general and the United States in particular, female voices were naturally heard through fictional characters....   [tags: Gender Studies ]

Strong Essays
1548 words (4.4 pages)