In Adam Smith’s “Wealth of Nations”, he describes the advancement of division of labor and its benefits. Division of labor means more productivity, time conservation, as well as improves the quality of work amongst the laborers. This also means that members of the community are able to benefit from each other, “It is the necessary, though very slow and gradual consequence of a certain propensity in human nature which has in view no such extensive utility; the propensity to truck, barter, and exchange one thing for another,” (Smith, 267). According to Smith, this trading between one another is part of human nature, specializing in skills and talents and trading their labor for those of another. Smith goes on further to explain the importance of education and how it is essential to our society, that in order to improve a certain trade there is a certain level of education required. However, there’s inequality between the common people and the privileged, “It is otherwise with the common people. They have little time to spare for education. Their parents can scarce afford to maintain them even in infancy. As soon as they are able to work they must apply to some trade by which they can earn their subsistence,” (Smith...
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... the laborer is left feeling powerless with no control of themselves or what they create, “He, who before was the money-owner, now strides in front as capitalist; the possessor of labour-power follows as his labourer. The one with an air of importance, smirking, intent on business; the other, timid and holding back, like on who is bringing his own hide to market and has nothing to expect but - a hiding,” (Marx, 309). Once the laborer sells their labor, that labor-owner now has command over them and what they do.
With the introduction of money and the division of labor into our society, we have advanced as a civilization as well as created a separation between ourselves. Now there are groups of us that are less privileged and less powerful than others, creating a line of inequality that has been deeply integrated and may never dislodge itself until action is taken.
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