The Weakening of Representation and Policy-Making: The Downfall of Political Parties

The Weakening of Representation and Policy-Making: The Downfall of Political Parties

Length: 1490 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

"It's a reflection of the political dynamic in America, where we don't look at America as a whole. We look at it through the red and blue prism” (Taylor, 1). The red and blue prism that Senator Olympia Snowe is referring to is the political parties that function in the United States. The current existence of political parties in America is a hindrance to effective representation of the people. Because of the lack of bipartisanship between the parties in Congress, the absence of compromise leads to gridlock in regards to passing legislations by members of Congress. In this paper, I will argue how the strengthening of political parties’ polarization in America—and the priority of party over constituents—contributed to a lack of effective representation and increased challenges to policy-making.
In the United States, members of Congress align themselves with party leaders over their constituents in order to get elected. The distinction between political parties causes members of Congress to associate themselves with a party in order to garner the subsequent benefits. Through public officials’ blatant lack of input for their constituency, it has been proven that members of Congress require party support in order to get re-elected, which feeds an endless cycle of catering to party ideals over the public. According to John Aldrich and David Rhode’s, The Logic of Conditional Party Government: Revisiting the Electoral Connection, they state that there are two party government strategies: party pressure and gatekeeping. Vulnerable members of Congress are placed in a tough position between listening to their constituents and their party. A political party is able to effectively pressure members of Congress to adhere to the values held by ...


... middle of paper ...


...com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2012. .
"Avalon Project - Washington's Farewell Address 1796." Avalon Project - Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. .
Binder, Sarah. "Through the Looking Glass, Darkly: What has Become of the Senate?." The Forum 9.4 (2011): 4, 12. Print.
Davidson, Roger H., and Walter J. Oleszek. Congress and its members. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1981. Print.
Reeve, Elspeth. "John Boehner Forgot Who Grover Norquist Is - Politics - The Atlantic Wire." The Atlantic Wire. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2012. .
Sinclair, Barbara . Senate Parties and Party Leadership. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2012. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Relationship Between Political Parties and Governments Essay

- Political systems are very complex to comprehend if one doesn’t know the role of most agencies, branches, and parties. Government functions are not as independent in ruling as one might think; for they are composed of multiple branches and most branches consist of politicians coming from multiple parties. Political Parties are accordingly the essence of politics, they define a country’s political system; one party, bi-partisan, or multiparty system. The inter-relation between parties and governments is an important phenomenon in political science, because parties are basically the connecting link between the people and their governments....   [tags: Role of Political Parties]

Powerful Essays
2719 words (7.8 pages)

Political Parties, Sectionalism and the Civil War Essay

- Everything in history seems to lead to something else. The Civil War was no exception. It started with the creation of parties. Thomas Jefferson started the Anti-Federalist Party that would eventually evolve into Andrew Jackson’s Democratic Party. Policies were issued and the two party system started to collapse and sectionalism started to rise. Instead of Democrat versus Whig, it was North Versus South. Neither side could agree on any issues even when compromises were issued neither side really liked the terms....   [tags: Political Parties, Sectionalism, Civil War, USA, h]

Powerful Essays
1453 words (4.2 pages)

Why are Political Parties in Decline? Essay

- To characterise the notion of political parties, Rod Hague and Martin Harrop choose to use the definition submitted by Giovanni Sartori, which says that a political party concerns ‘any political group identified by an official label that presents elections, and is capable of placing through elections candidates for public office’ (1976, p. 63, cited in Hague and Harrop, 2010, p. 203). Andrew Heywood defines it as ‘groups of people organised to gain formal representation or win government power’, ‘united by shared political preferences and a general ideological identity’, which function is to ‘filling the political office and the wielding of government power’ (2007, pp....   [tags: elections, democratic-republican parties]

Powerful Essays
1884 words (5.4 pages)

Political Parties: The Carte Party Essay

- Political parties have been in a declining state in recent political evolution and has provoked numerous discussions/arguments whether the political parties have been indeed in such a state or whether they have been simply restructuring their organisational and/or ideological principles to withstand certain challenges. Several theories were introduced/developed in the recent years so as to distinguish the “ideal” behavioural type of political party development. The most renowned “ideal” party types are the cadre party type, the mass party type (Duverger, 1954) and the catch-all party type (Kirchheimer, 1966)....   [tags: democracy, political evolution]

Powerful Essays
1110 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on The First Political Parties

- Today, political parties can be seen throughout everyday life, prevalent in various activities such as watching television, or seeing signs beside the road while driving. These everyday occurrences make the knowledge of political parties commonly known, especially as the two opposing political parties: the Republicans and the Democrats. Republican and Democrats have existed for numerous years, predominantly due to pure tradition, and the comfort of the ideas each party presents. For years, the existence of two political parties has dominated the elections of the president, and lower offices such as mayor, or the House of Representatives....   [tags: Political Science]

Powerful Essays
2273 words (6.5 pages)

Essay on Political Parties in the United States

- There two major political contemporary parties of the United States of America consist of the Republican and the Democratic Party. Each party has its own political ideology. The salience of political ideology between the Democratic - Republican Party are vital to understand the core principles of each party and the variations between them. The main differences between them is how each political party feels about the principles and the role of the government should be. The core philosophy on republicans is based on limiting power of government intervention over the state, they feel the federal government shouldn't be involved in state affairs....   [tags: American history, political systems]

Powerful Essays
725 words (2.1 pages)

Political Parties of Texas Essay

- As individuals, we turn towards political parties to identify with a group that has the most in common with our own values and principals. Each political party’s agenda focuses on the primary interests affiliated with that party and is motivated to enact its beliefs and interests through legislation by electing officials into government. Texas is a large state with four political parties: Republican, Democratic, Green Party, and Libertarian. Each political party has a basic fundamental ideology and platform on current issues....   [tags: Political Science]

Powerful Essays
3065 words (8.8 pages)

Political Parties & Interest Groups Essay

- Political Parties and Interest Groups Parties are not mentioned in the U.S. Constitution, they are vital to the function of the electoral system in the states. Parties organize opposition by recruiting and nominating candidates, act as opposition powerless, unify electorate, and provide government and people linkage.(Magleby 55) Election rules in favor of Democrats and Republicans, not minorities. Minor parties must have a min. number of votes to appear on ballot. Various things must appear for minor parties to get on the ballot: num....   [tags: Political Science]

Powerful Essays
1573 words (4.5 pages)

The Four Political Parties Of Canada Essay

- The Four Political Parties of Canada      In a country as vast and as culturally diverse as Canada, many different political opinions can be found stretched across the country. From the affluent neighbourhoods of West Vancouver to the small fishing towns located on the east coast of Newfoundland, political opinions and affiliations range from the left wing to the right wing. To represent these varying political views, Canada has four official national political parties to choose from: the Liberals (who are currently in power), the Progressive Conservatives, the New Democrats, and the Reform Party....   [tags: Canadian Politics Political Government Essays]

Powerful Essays
4270 words (12.2 pages)

Political Parties Essay

- The Labor Party The labor Party is made up of men and women who do and do not have jobs. They believe themselves to be the keepers of the American dream, providing opportunity and justice. They believe that every American has the right to a decent paying job and a good place to live, that by joining the union there should be no fear of getting fired, to free, quality public education for themselves and their children, to universal access to publicly fund, comprehensive, quality health care for all residents....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
2215 words (6.3 pages)