So, what is college hate speech? According to Griffin, Sullivan, and Robertson (2010), hate speech is
speech intended to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against a person or group of people based on their race, gender, age, ethnicity, nationality, religion, sexual affiliation, gender identity, disability, language ability, ideology, social class, occupation, physical appearance, mental capacity, and any other distinction that might be considered by some as a liability. (p.225)
And even though the First Amendment grants us the freedom of speech, including such hate speech, there are limits. The federal and all state governments, including public colleges and universities and private schools that accept federal financial aid, cannot unnecessarily regulate speech, with the following exceptions: “obscenity, figh...
... middle of paper ...
...e, R. (1994). The regulation of hate speech on college campuses and the Library Bill of Rights. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 19(6), 372-377. Retrieved from http://ehis. ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=10&sid=55b48164-d699-4cf6-8f5b- 4c6ad633d724%40sessionmgr111&hid=116
Rabe, L.A. (2003). Sticks and stones: The First Amendment and campus speech codes. John Marshall Law Review, 37(1), 205-227. Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com. proxy1.ncu.edu/hottopics/lnacademic/?verb=sr&csi=145279
Shiell, T. (2009). Campus Hate Speech on Trial. (2nd ed.). Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas.
Tsesis, A. (2010). Burning crosses on campus: University hate speech codes. Connecticut Law Review, 43(2), 617-672. Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/ pdfviewer?vid=12&sid=55b48164-d699-4cf6-8f5b-4c6ad633d724%40sessionmgr111& hid=4102
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- After four years, we are finally gathered on the steps of what we thought we'd never come to. We are graduating, finally shedding the familiar and embarking on a world of "what's-next?" Despite that, though, today is perhaps most importantly a day to remember our past. In the entire childhood of memories that each of us has accumulated, beginning roughly when we were still young enough to believe braces are cool, some of the most vivid and influential are from this campus. The high school years are mainly those in which a person leaves off building their lives around what they have been shown, and begins to select the path they will take for themselves.... [tags: Graduation Speech, Commencement Address]
499 words (1.4 pages)
- High school. I never realized it would bring so many changes. As I walked on to campus my freshman year, my mindset was the same as it was in eighth grade; the young are invincible. And although I was excited to come to high school I had many fears. Would the classes be too hard, would I make new friends, what could I become involved in, and most of all -- what if I get lost. All of these fears eventually subsided and I, along with all of you, found the right classes and the right teachers. We all made new friends.... [tags: Graduation Speech, Commencement Address]
692 words (2 pages)
- ... In a university which ignores the freedom of speech, very few students would speak out to one another for fear of repercussion. Professors would teach as though they were only instructing one student. Asking questions would be a rarity because of the fear of saying the wrong thing and being expelled. In other words, a lack of free speech would promote generalization, both in education and personality. Ambitious students filled to the brim with new ideas would be hushed; the shy may never find a reason to come out of their shell to show their passion.... [tags: university, freedom, communication, speech]
780 words (2.2 pages)
- The Reaction of Colin Powell's Speech at Howard University General Colin Powell did the Commencement speech at Howard University on May 25, 1994. He did the speech after a cloud of controversy had happen at the university. A racist Black Muslim made a speech at Howard University. Howard policy is that anybody can express his or her freedom of speech on there campus. As you can figure out, the white community did not think of that very well. Connie Chung did a report saying that Howard University was a racist institution.... [tags: Papers]
632 words (1.8 pages)
- The Anti-Free Speech Movement on America's College Campuses The nation's leftists, whether in academia or the news media tout themselves as advocates of free speech. Back in 1964, it was Mario Savio a campus leftist who led the Free Speech Movement at the Berkeley campus of the University of California, a movement that without question played a vital role in placing American universities center stage in the flow of political ideas no matter how controversial, unpatriotic and vulgar. From the Nazis to the Stalinists leftists have always supported free speech rights, at least initially.... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]
944 words (2.7 pages)
- As a non-traditional student of the University Mary Hardin Baylor, I can say parking policies could use some changes. I understand the need for parking policies for safety and security reasons, but some parking rules are just ridiculous. My family has four vehicles, only one of them has a UMHB parking sticker. This sticker was issued at registration; it is one of the many hidden fees that are added into tuition. I sometimes drive different vehicles to campus. When I drive different vehicles, I have to go to campus police to get a temporary parking permit.... [tags: Campus Issues]
801 words (2.3 pages)
- It sure took me a long time to get this far. At times I thought I wouldn't make it through high school because as I was growing up I would watch my older brother, Jason, struggling in school. I would think that if he was having trouble, then I would too. My Mom heard about Hall High and their different way of teaching, so she enrolled my brother. As time passed, his grades got better and he quit skipping so much. So when I could, I enrolled in Hall, expecting this school to help me. It did. I like Hall because of all the extra attention from the teachers.... [tags: Graduation Speech, Commencement Address]
621 words (1.8 pages)
- Jeremy Rifkin's "The End of Work" Individuals tend to develop a false sense of security concerning the certainty of their jobs. After working for an organization for fifteen or more years, it is difficult for them to understand that their employers may no longer need their service. Jeremy Rifkin wrote The End of Work in order to warn people about what he foresees may be happening to the global labour force because of a rapid increase in the use of automation in the workplace. He identifies what he believes are causes of the problems which we are currently facing within the organizational structure along with some potential solutions.... [tags: Jeremy Rifkin The End of Work]
2297 words (6.6 pages)
- Free Speech vs. Campus Security As everyone in the world should know, the world isn’t clear-cut and simple to read. The world is not just black and white. There is no real absolute truth in anything because the issue of what is right and wrong can vary widely between one person and the next. This fact is what makes our world so dynamic; it is what enables us to grow and learn and change. However, because of this blur in what people perceive is right or wrong, or in what someone thinks is one thing and another person thinks is another, there comes conflict.... [tags: essays research papers]
946 words (2.7 pages)
- It’s Time to Put an End to Campus Isolation A situation on campus which I would like to see changed is not so much the increasing ethnically and racially-based separation of student clubs and organizations, but the lack of communication and exchange between them. There are valid arguments for the various racially "isolated" clubs in that they provide a support network and common identity for students who might otherwise feel culturally marooned on a campus as large as ours. (Specifically, I feel that the "Iranian Students Club," "Armenian Americans" and "Hillel House," to name a few, all provide emotional support to students away from home and their native culture.) P... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
544 words (1.6 pages)