What is Skinner’s Operant Conditioning? Skinner was the first to discuss operant conditioning. McLead (2007) explained that an operant condition means that using reinforcements given after a desired response could change behavior. There were three types of responses that can follow the behavior. Neutral operants, reinforces, and punishers were the three types of responses. According to McLead (2007), Skinner invented a box with levers and lights to test his theory. He placed a hungry rat inside where the rat learned to press the levels for different responses. One level would give it a piece of food and the rat would not receive food when the light was off. This box demonstrated the shaping of behaviors through operant conditioning.
The two articles chosen on Watson’s Classical Conditioning were “Priority in the Classical Conditioning of Children and Vicarious Classical Conditioning of Emotional Responses in Nursery School Children”. The study of...
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...opmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 10, 6, 697-705.
Carrera, F. ., & Adams, P. L. (January 01, 1970). An ethical perspective on operant conditioning. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 9, 4, 607-23.
Hall, J. (1988). Classical Conditioning. In Psychology Word. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://web.mst.edu/~psyworld/classical_conditioning.htm
McLead, S. (2007). Skinner-Operant Conditioning. In Simply Psychology. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www.simplypsychology.org/operant-conditioning.html
Venn, J. R., & Short, J. G. (1973). Vicarious classical conditioning of emotional responses in nursery school children. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 28(2), 249-255. doi:10.1037/h0035717
Windholz, G., & Lamal, P. A. (December 01, 1986). Priority in the Classical Conditioning of Children. Teaching of Psychology, 13, 4, 192-195.
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