Water Scarcity in the USA Essay example

Water Scarcity in the USA Essay example

Length: 985 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Over the past fifty years, the U.S. population has doubled in size. During this time, total water usage per person has almost tripled. Since the end of World War II, there has been a steady increase of people moving out of rural areas and into cities. As a result, the domestic self-supplied population has greatly decreased and the need for public-water supply systems has intensified. These factors, in conjunction with certain economic trends, precipitation, and global climate changes, pose difficult challenges in the years to come.
The World Health Organization defines domestic water as being “water used for all usual domestic purposes including consumption, bathing and food preparation” (World Health Organization, 2003). Ample supplies of clean domestic water are essential for drinking, cooking, hygiene, and various amenities. Most importantly, water is critical to human life as it supports the digestion of food, absorption, transportation and use of nutrients and the elimination of toxins and wastes from the body (Kleiner,1999). In the United States, the average male should consume a minimum 2.9 liters or water per day while the average female should consume 2.2 liters (New York Times, 2009). Inadequate water intake can lead to dehydration and other health issues. Studies have correlated inadequate water intake with coronary heart disease, and complications associated with childbearing. Other studies have indicated decreased risks of colonic and breast cancer with increased fluid intake (1999).
It is imperative that domestic water provided for direct consumption and ingestion through food must be sanitary. Scientific research indicates that as many as 19 million Americans may become ill each year due to parasites, viruses a...

... middle of paper ...

Kleiner, S. (1999). Water: an essential but overlooked nutrient. Journal of the American
Dietetic Association, 99 (2); 200-206.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. (2012). Climate. Retrieved from http://www.noaa.gov/climate.html
New Water Supply Coalition. (2012). America’s Drought. Retrieved from http://www.newwatersupply.org/issue/futurewatershortages.htm
U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2003). States' View of How Federal Agencies Could Help Them Meet the Challenges of Expected Shortages. Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-03-514
USGS. (2012). Domestic Water Use. Retrieved from http: http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/wudo.html
World Health Organization. (2003). Domestic Water Quantity, Service Level and Health.
Retrieved from http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/diseases/en/WSH0302.pdf

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Economic Water Scarcity Of Sub Saharan Africa Essay

- An estimated 1.6 billion people around the world live in regions of economic water scarcity, with 780 million of these people living in areas with no basic water facilities. Economic water scarcity means that investments in water resources and relevant human labour forces are not substantial enough to meet water demands in an area where the population does not have the financial means to make use of an adequate water source on their own. Economic water scarcity is about an unequal distribution of resources for many reasons, including political and cultural conflict....   [tags: Water, Water resources, Water management]

Strong Essays
982 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on How to Deal with Having Scarcity of Usable Water Resources

- Introduction In countries having scarcity of usable water resources, the requirement of water recycle is very important. Author cited few instances to support this statement. Many countries are making precise arrangement to conserve water, like USA and Israel are using secondary effluent in agricultural activities whereas Japan and some European countries are recycling municipal waste water for toilet flushing and other purposes. Another example cited by author for advancement of water reuse is renowned NEWater, used in Singapore which is a secondary effluent production of domestic wastewater purified by membrane processes....   [tags: water recycle, industry, environment]

Strong Essays
1756 words (5 pages)

Drinking Water Scarcity and Conservation Essay

- "In an age when man has forgotten his origins and is blind even to his most essential needs for survival, water along with other resources has become the victim of his indifference.”   -- Rachel Carson -- The water you see around you, flowing freely, sparkling in the noonday sun, quenching your thirst, bathing you, providing you with life is all limited - there is no place on this planet where new water springs up from a source. Water has been recycled by nature over and over again since time began....   [tags: Drinking Water Shortage]

Strong Essays
1800 words (5.1 pages)

Urban Water Supply and Demand Essay

- 1 – INTRODUCTION Water availability critically influences human well-being and directly affects ecosystems and the environment. Water supply and demand issues are especially more complicated in areas of rapid urban and population growth. Projections say that 46 to 52 countries and a total population of 3 billion people will be water stressed by 2025 (Rosegrant, 1997). And to increase a little bit more the complexity, there is the fact that water availability is not homogeneous. Water is irregularly distributed and, consequently, water problems are region-specific....   [tags: Shortage, Scarcity]

Strong Essays
1497 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about The Water Shortage in Australia

- The Water Shortage in Australia First of all it is necessary to define what the term “water shortage” means. For some people, it means having to constantly traverse long distances just to reach a source of fresh water and to collect it. For others, water shortage means to content themselves with water only for a part of day. And finally, there are some regions in which people suffer from droughts that lead to a great amount of deaths. Therefore, in modern world problem with deficiency in fresh water has become burning question, which needed immediate solution....   [tags: Australia Water Crisis]

Strong Essays
1140 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Water Is Life Not A Commodity

- Water is Life not a Commodity As the sustenance for all humankind, animals, plants and other living organisms, Water is the greatest natural resources on this planet and it is becoming scarcer and more of a necessity. Water is a basic need and not a want in the same way that without air to breathe, cannot sustain life. Safe, clean water and good sanitation is a right. Therefore, the right to safe, clean water means the right to life. According to United Nations human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, ethnic origin, color, religion, language or any other status....   [tags: United Nations, Human rights, Human, Law]

Strong Essays
1188 words (3.4 pages)

Water Scarcity And Lack Of Water Essay

- Most people never give attention to the importance of water or the purity of what is provided. Water is a universal necessity, which is becoming a crucial issue in insufficiency. The deficiency is a global crisis around the world, and leads to many detrimental effects. The lack of water affects the entire continent without worldwide knowledge. Water is used in almost every entirety of human life; the careless usage causes profuse issues for living. There are several resources that provide the necessity of water, which are in poor situations in provision....   [tags: Water, Groundwater, Water cycle, Precipitation]

Strong Essays
1155 words (3.3 pages)

Compare Two Water Provision Methods for California Essay

- Contents Page 1.0 Introduction--------------------------------------------------------------------------------P.3 2.0 Background------------------------------------------------------------------------------P.3-4 3.0 Requirements-------------------------------------------------------------------------------P.6 3.1 Cost------------------------------------------------------------------------------P.6 3.2Environmental impact---------------------------------------------------------P.6 4.0 Presentation of options-----------------------------------------------------------------P.7-8 4.1 Dams-----------------------------------------------------------------------------P.7 4.2 Desalinations -------...   [tags: desalination plants]

Strong Essays
2595 words (7.4 pages)

Essay on Water Scarcity And Human Factors

- "Environmental factors are more significant in explaining water scarcity than human factors." Discuss. Water is one of the most vital resources to a human that there is. 70% of the Earth is covered by water but only 3% of that is fresh and able to be consumed. When it is taken into account that roughly two thirds of that fresh water is trapped in ice at Antarctica it shows how little water we actually have. According to research, some 1.1 billion people worldwide lack access to water and a further 2.7 billion find water to be scarce for at least one month per year....   [tags: Water, Water resources, Water crisis]

Strong Essays
718 words (2.1 pages)

Water Scarcity, Security and Governance Essay

- Introduction A major part of the world we live in, as well as our bodies, consist of water. Since it is a restricted source, the preservation of clean water and its adequate distribution throughout the planet is extremely vital. However, today 783 million people lack access to improved water sources. Many countries are still struggling to reach the water-related objectives of the Millennium Development Goals – threatening their advancement and ecological maintainability – and millions of people die each year from treatable waterborne diseases....   [tags: expanding water preservation and security]

Strong Essays
1693 words (4.8 pages)