Essay about The Water Resources Information System

Essay about The Water Resources Information System

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The Water Resources Information System (WRIS), India is encouraging the development of rapid watershed (basin) assessments in order to increase the speed and efficiency generating information to guide conservation implementation, as well as the speed and efficiency of putting it into the hands of local decision makers. Therefore the current study uses the WRIS India portal for assessing the resources and provides a comprehensive overview of the ecological health of Krishna upper basin. In the study assess the spatio-temporal variation of rainfall and temperature, soil erosion potentiality and ground water fluctuation (draft) for the Krishna upper basin. These assessments help land-owners and local leaders set priorities and determine the best actions to achieve their goals.

INTRODUCTION
The assessment phase is one of the first elements of effective water resources management. Assessment refers to a focused or comprehensive overview of key conditions and trends representing a baseline status. A baseline is a “snapshot” of environmental and other relevant conditions at a point in time which will serve as a point of reference for management strategy priorities, and for future changes in the watershed/basin. Watershed/basin data collected prior to the implementation of proposed pollution controls and other management activities can be used to establish a baseline for determining the success of the overall watershed management plan, and to adjust the plan as time passes.
In the case of water resources, the term ‘assessment’ can mean water resource planning and monitoring, a hydro-meteorological assessment for a basin should include all related material; especially hydro-meteorological parameters, land uses, soils and topography. The a...


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...pper sub basin is 54504.77 km2 and lies within the geographical co-ordinates of 14° 58 ' to 18° 2 ' N north latitudes and 73° 33 ' to 77° 17 ' E east longitudes.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
Land use/Land cover
Land use/Land cover (Fig.1) classified data on a scale of 1:50,000 published under Bhuvan Thematic Services of National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC), ISRO was used for this study. Land use/land cover mapping on a scale of 1:50,000 for the entire country has been taken up by NRSC, ISRO with an objective of generating digital land use/land cover database using 3-seasons (Kharif, Rabi and Zaid seasons) terrain corrected Resourcesat-2 LISS-III (Linear Image Self Scanning-III) data. According to the technical document of the data, the overall classification accuracy of the data was found to vary from 79% to 97% based on assessment and generation of Kappa co-efficient.

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