Water Pollution Is Still A Problem Essay

Water Pollution Is Still A Problem Essay

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Like all types of pollution, marine pollution has a long history, but international laws were not brought in place until the twentieth century. For a very long time, humans have unknowingly been polluting water. This polluted water includes drinking water, and in the 19th century, it led to many diseases. During the industrial revolution companies were dumping chemicals directly into bodies of water. One ramification of this was in 1969 when the Cuyahoga River in Ohio burst into flames. All of these tragic events led to the 1972 Clean Water Act, which establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulates quality standards for surface waters (U.S Environmental Protection Agency). Even though this act is in place, water pollution is still a problem. According to the Environmental News Service in 2006, “more than 62 percent of industrial and municipal facilities across the country discharged more pollution into U.S. waterways than their Clean Water Act permits allowed”. The Environmental News Service also explains how the Bush administration has repeatedly shortchanged the EPA 's budget. This is important because there are now more than 40% of U.S waterways that are unsafe for any type of basic activity. Ocean pollution does not only effect the environment, but can effect the economy as well. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrations (NOAA) states, “If pollution leads to mass die-offs of fish and dirty-looking water, this area [U.S. Coastal and marine waters] and others like it will experience deep financial losses.” When the environments in the ocean become to harsh and the fish begin to have problems it causes fishing to halt because of the risks of the...

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... about “40 percent of the world’s ocean surfaces.” When these plastics break apart in the ocean, they not only pose physical problems, but chemical problems too. These chemical problems have caused a wide range of problems, including “cancer-causing mutations”. The breakdown of plastics in the ocean cause them to release toxic chemicals The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report estimates that around 130,000 dolphins, whales, and porpoises are caught in nets each year. David W. Laist reports that “more than 260 species are reported to have been entangled in, or to have ingested, marine debris”. Ingestion of plastics happen widely because the marine animals mistake it for food; the results can be fatal. Marine animals also get tangled in different types of plastic which often result in growth problems, or death if they are unable to surface when necessary.

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