Waste Management Essay

Waste Management Essay

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2.0 Literature Review

People are consume a lot of product and generate waste product much faster than the natural degradation process and replecement of this materials. So far, Malaysians spend much more money on waste management. Local authorities spend up to 60 per cent of their annual budget to manage solid waste generated in the country, which costs Malaysia between RM110 and RM130 to collect and dispose one tonne of garbage. That sums up to RM1.98 million to RM2.34 million per day or RM854 million per year at the current generation of 18,000 tonnes of solid wastes per day (Ali, Eeda et al., 2012).
2.1 What is waste and domestic waste
Waste is unwanted material left over from a production process, or output which has no marketable value. For the domestic waste, solid waste that comprising of garbage and rubbish like bottles, cans, clothes, shoes,disposables, compost, papers, diposables and food scraps that comes from private homes or apartments. Domestic waste also may contain hazardous waste. Domestc waste is also called household waste and residential waste.

2.2 Characteristic of wastes
Solid waste has been categorized into several types according to the classification which has been used by almost all countries in the world. The main division is into organic, inorganic and hazardous waste.

Table 1 : Characteristics of domestic wastes ( source: Ali, Eeda et al., 2012 )
Types of Waste Waste Components
a) Organic wastes
Composting/Biodegradable waste
Food
Recyclable/non-biodegradable waste
Paper



Plastic


Rubber and leather
Textiles
Wood

Yard wastes

Non-Recyclable/residual waste
Plastic.
b) Inorganic wastes
Recyclable/non-biodegradable waste
Glass
products etc.
Aluminium cans

Bulky wastes
...


... middle of paper ...


...se schemes are designed to encourage people to produce less waste and to recycle more. In Curitiba, Brazil since 1989, successful recycling programme which is ‘garbage is not garbage’ has been run that have been joined by more than thousand families. They will receive 2 kilograms of food for every 4 kilograms of recyclable rubbish they deliver to mobile recycling units ( Sally, 2012).



Works Cited

1) Sally Morgan, Waste, Recycling and Reuse, 2006, White-Thomson Publishing Ltd
2) Ali, H., N. Eeda and C. S. Ho (2012). "Urban Solid Waste Minimisation in Malaysia-The case of Shah Alam City Hall, Selangor."
3) Othman, A. R. and M. Yuhaniz (2012). "Recycle of Domestic Waste among Terrace House Residents in Shah Alam." Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 50: 884-898.
4) http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/household-waste.html. Access date: 30 December 2013

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