Essay about Was James Watt ( 1777 )?

Essay about Was James Watt ( 1777 )?

Length: 1008 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


In the 17th century, England faced a terrible crisis as the ships were consuming large quantities of wood and as the result it was consuming large hectares of forest. In that ages the ships were necessary for trade and defence so coal was the suitable substitute for the firewood. However producing more coal means digging deeper into the coal mines which means that it was very likely to find water that was leaking into the mines, so it urge a need for new methods to extract water out of the mines.

There were many method to pump out of the water out from the mines however for that times it were not sustainable technique like, Jeronimo de Ayansz, Beaumont (1606), Thomas Savery(1698), and Thomas Newcomen(1712). However it was James Watt (1777), who improve the design when the Glasgow University in Scotland need repairs for the Newcomen Engines in which Watts found that time, steam and fuel were wasted by having both heating and cooling take place inside the piston cylinder.
The Old Bess is an early beam engine that was built by two engineers, Boulton and James Watt in 1777. It is the first known engine to work with an early cut-off, therefore, using the expansion of the steam for great efficiency (Crowley, 1982). As a result, the beam has played an important role in the development of more advanced steam engines. Remarkably, the Old Bess is also the oldest surviving Watt engine of all times and is also the third oldest surviving beam engine.

According to Crowley (1982), the Old Bess beam engine was a modification of Watt’s first engine called the Kinneil engine at the Soho Manufactory located in Birmingham. The Kinneil engine was initially a pump to be used in coal mines and was suitable for the factory’s operations. The manufactor...


... middle of paper ...


...ortages. The beam was initially for single-acting beam engines that pulled through wrought iron chains running over a curved arch-head at the end of the beam (Dickinson, 1927).

According to (Crowley, 1982) the beam is known for paving the way for more advanced steam engines. The artefact is now in the Science Museum and one of the Museum’s oldest exhibits. When it was first displayed, the engine was erected in an open-fronted representation of a brick-built engine structure. The Museum states that the engine has over 70 years working life.

In conclusion, the Old Bess beam engine is one of the oldest and most efficient artefacts created in the early days. The main reason of its existence was to pump water in place of power wheels. Today, the Old Bess beam engine are no longer used instead there are more advance engines which have been developed over the period.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on James Watt

- James Watt James Watt was born January 19th,1736 at Greenock and at this time no one would even begin to imagine his effect on the Industrial Revolution. When James was fifteen years old he had read books about and become accustomed to Philosophy (kind of like modern physics). He had also completed many of his own chemical experiments and even started to produce and construct his own products such as a small electronic device that really surprised his friends. In 1755 he set out on horseback and arrived in London after about two weeks....   [tags: Biography]

Free Essays
999 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about James Watt's Micrometer for Sustainability

- Sustainability To evaluate the sustainability of an artefact such as the James Watt’s Micrometer a number of conditions should ideally be observed. As part of the research procedure, our group identified the following conditions: • Component materials • Product limitations and life expectancy • Effects on the environment • Effects on the economy The remainder of this section shall outline our findings Component materials The James Watt’s micrometer is solely made of two metal alloys, namely brass and steel....   [tags: pillars of sustainable development]

Free Essays
539 words (1.5 pages)

James Watt Essay

- James Watt James Watt was born 19th January 1736 at Greenock and at this time no one would have even imagined his effect on the Industrial Revolution that was to occur within that century. When James was fifteen he had read books about and become accustomed to Philosophy (similar to modern physics). He had also completed many of his own chemical experiments and even started produce and construct his own products such as a small electronic device that startled his companions. He soon became interested in astronomy and often spent long hours at night, lying in a grove near his home studying the night sky....   [tags: History]

Better Essays
1237 words (3.5 pages)

James Watt Essay

- James Watt was born February 19, 1736 and died on August 19, 1889. As a child he was often sick. This kept James out of school. His mother had to teach him how to read and write. James suffered from severe headaches, so many people thought he was retarded. Little did they know that this child that most people didn’t consider normal would lead America to one of the most important stages The Industrial Revolution. It all started when he traveled to England to become a mechanic. Then he decided to come back to Scotland....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
396 words (1.1 pages)

Aphra Behn and the Changing Perspectives on Ian Watt’s The Rise of the Novel

- Aphra Behn and the Changing Perspectives on Ian Watt’s The Rise of the Novel Ian Watt’s The Rise of the Novel (1957) remains one of the most influential texts in the study of the English novel. However, an increasingly strong case for a revision of both the work itself and the discourse it personifies has been gradually building over the past twenty years. While the initial stages of, first, feminist and, later, post colonial perspectives may have sought only to insert marginalised texts into the existing literary discourse, their long term ramifications are obliging a wider analysis of how we approach the English novel and the manner in which we link it to its surrounding culture....   [tags: Ian Watt The Rise of the Novel Essays]

Better Essays
6046 words (17.3 pages)

Essay about How James Watt Affected The Economic Growth Of Our Nation

- How James Watt Affected The Economic Growth Of Our Nation James Watt made many contributions to this country during the Industrial Revolution. He made numerous improvements on the Newcome steam engine, invented the term horse power, and designed the Sun and Planet wheel. He contributed most of his life to make others' lives easier and for them to prosper and grow. In 1763 John Anderson asked Watt to repair one of his steam engines which was an early version of a Newcome steam engine. This engine wasted a lot of time and fuel so it was economically inefficient....   [tags: American America History]

Free Essays
739 words (2.1 pages)

Everything is Obvious by Duncan Watt Essay

- Everything is obvious Extension In his book, Everything is Obvious, Duncan Watt starts off reasonably well in explaining how certain beliefs or perceptions influence our way of thinking and decision making. These sets of beliefs are accumulated through past experiences, surrounding environments and cultures in which collectively form the philosophy of common sense. Though common sense is powerful tool that helps us navigate through our life smoothly without encumbering our brains into reflecting on every single detail....   [tags: influence, teen, decisions]

Better Essays
873 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on The Power of Electricity: Ampere Watt

- When one looks upon the history of carbon-based life forms, a long list of miraculous contributions to the progression of humankind arises. One that is indubitably imperative is the fascinating and mesmerizing power of electricity. Electricity allows all of us to live life easier with more skill. It has provided children and adults with information, entertainment, and most importantly, time together. Not one person on earth knew this fact better than Mr. Ampere Watt. Mr. Watt had a love for physics when he was in high school, that being so he dedicated his post-educational life to the wonderful world of electricity....   [tags: Biography]

Better Essays
788 words (2.3 pages)

James Hogg Essay

- Biographical Summary James Hogg was born and raised in Scotland on his family farm. Hogg only went to school for a few months due to the family bankruptcy. This caused his early introduction into literature to be consisted of the Bible and the stories he was told from his mother and uncle. When he grew older, Hogg received a job as a Shepard’s assistant from James Laidlaw. While working there, Laidlaw taught Hogg how to read, using newspapers and countless theological materials. As Hogg became increasingly better at reading and writing, Laidlaw allowed him to use Laidlaw’s own library, in order to continue his reading career....   [tags: James Hogg Biography]

Better Essays
1712 words (4.9 pages)

Henry James Essay

- Henry James In August of 1904, after more than two decades abroad, the sixty-year-old Henry James returned to the United States for a year. While William James had famously remarked that his brother was "a native of the James family" (W James 517), with little else in the way of national affiliation, Henry considered himself as American as ever after his twenty years in Europe. The book he wrote about his American journey was titled The American Scene only because James's first choice had been taken; he would have preferred to call it The Return of the Native.[1] But James's sense of himself as a native, as one at home in the United States, was shaken by his alienating experie...   [tags: American Scence Henry James Essays]

Free Essays
3090 words (8.8 pages)