Markusen’s findings on the relationship between industry, technology, and occupations are fascinating. They seem so obvious as they’re being explained in the article, but they still so complex. It is already widely understood that warfare changed with the introduction of nuclear weapons. However, I never realized that with the change in technology came a change in the workforce, too. The new weapons technology required more advanced computer technology, lethality, stealth, reliability, and maneuverability in order to be competent as an unmanned deterrent.
The Cold War also brought with it a change in the job field of many. Due to the changing focus of weapons technology, the type of person hired to create these weapons were mostly scientists and engineers, who, incidentally, displaced blue-collar employees in both the defense and commercial fields. This displacement was caused by the changing type of occupational needs withi...
... middle of paper ...
...mmunities’ stability up to chance.
Finally, one of the more significant social changes Markusen talks about was the creation of a social “underclass” created by the closing of blue-collar jobs. Seeking out the newer industrial jobs that became available in the West, poor whites and blacks traveled to the area, only to lose their jobs when the “gunbelt” was formed. This sudden, massive job loss affected a large population, creating greater competition for a limited job pool and, inevitably, sequestering many of the poor blacks and whites to their inner-city neighborhoods for generations. Overall, Markusen expresses that her desire is for this article is to create a better understanding of the changes in society during the Cold War to better prepare for post-Cold War reconstruction. This is a noble cause that I appreciate and found very informative and effective.
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