Since 1803, France and Great Britain had been at war and Great Britain had created a blockade, which violated the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between America and France. Through a series of Orders in Council the British blockaded most of Europe’s seaports. These blockades required American ships to go through British ports first before heading to their destination. However, hundreds of American ships and thousands of sailors would be captured and forced to serve in the Royal Navy. On June 1, 1812, President James Madison also known as the “Father of the Constitution” asked congress to declare war against Great Britain for interfering with trade, inciting Native American attacks, and restricting America from expanding its territory. In Congress, the House of Representatives voted 79 to 49 to declare war. The U.S. Senate was also in favor of the war, 19 to 13 and the bill was passed. War had officially been declared against Great Britain and its colonies on June 18, 1812.
The War of 1812 was necessary for America’s success, economically, socially and politically. Before the war, America’s trade and economy was terribly handicapped due to both France and Britain not allowing trading with the opposing nation. Politically, the U.S. Congress was referred to as the “War Congress” and certain members were known as “War Hawks”. Those that supported the war were primarily Republicans, including President James Madison, although there was some division within that party and the Federali...
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...issue of impressment, one of the major causes of the war” (“History of the War of 1812”). The British military was unaware that the Treaty of Ghent was signed and launched an attack on New Orleans on January 8, 1815. Regrettably, Great Britain met a force to be reckoned with, future U.S. president Andrew Jackson’s army. Post battle, Britain’s casualty rate was a staggering 2000 plus, where as America’s casualty rate was only 21. Due to this great triumph, Andrew Jackson became a national hero, which led him to presidency in 1828. As word spread of this victory, the American people gained national confidence and wore a new pride of patriotism. This new confidence encouraged American’s to continue its western expansion and have the pioneer spirit. Although many of the objectives of the war were not met, America came out stronger politically, economically and socially.
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