The War in the Domeocratic Republic of Congo

The War in the Domeocratic Republic of Congo

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The Democratic Republic of Congo is known to have valuable resources. Congo has large reserves of gold, gems, cobalt, copper, uranium and timber with the most valuable resource being its large reserve of diamonds. These natural resources have been the main cause of a variety of wars in the DRC. There have been a variety of wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo. These wars involve various rebel groups and ethnic groups being involved in violence and fighting. The main reason for these wars is Congo’s rich natural resources especially the illegal trade of diamonds and bitter ethnic wars. The Congo’s civil war is rooted in history. Before the civil war, many Congolese people were kidnapped and forced into slavery in the coast. They were used by King Leopold to extract natural resources and he oversaw the deaths of about 10 million people. King Leopold’s harsh rule and using the Congolese people as slaves for his personal gain made the people to rebel against him and taking matters in their own hands thus fueling the civil war. The first Congo war occurred from 1996 to1997, which led to the replacement of a dictatorial leader Mobutu Sese Seko with a rebel leader Laurent Desire Kabila. This war led to the Rwandan Genocide. The second Congo war occurred from 1998 to2003, whereby it ended with the transitional government taking power. However, there were still the Kivu and the Ituri conflicts. The recent Civil war in Congo caused more than 3.3 million deaths. It has been very hard to reach a solution to end these wars due to so many opposition factions.
Congo has the highest incidences of poverty in the world today. The people of Congo have been pushed further into starvation and poverty due to ethnic conflicts and civil war between rebels and the government. Due to poor governance during the Mobutu regime, the country has experienced continuous inflation, public debts and budget deficits that have been growing over the years. The sustained levels of violence has led to massive damage on the infrastructure, loss of lives and property and internal displacement and leading to many people migrating to rural areas. Half of the people in Congo now live below the poverty line and the most affected are women and children. Congo is know to be one of the richest countries in natural resources, unfortunately , the people of Congo do not benefit from these resources due to corruption.

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In addition, Congo has given too much to the world starting from slaves and all its resources leaving the people in an extremely deadly poverty. There is no clean water, electricity, healthcare, roads and even basic food in the rural areas as it is the most affected by poverty. Poverty and hunger still remains endemic in Congo despite humanitarian aids interventions due to continuous conflicts and lack of mining and agriculture to meet the populations’ needs as their main engines of growth.
Viva Riva is a Congolese crime thriller film by Djo Tunda Wa Munga. Djo Tunda Wa Munga wrote and directed the film that received 12 nominations and won 6 awards in 2011. The film also was awards as the Best African Movie in 2011 MTV Movie Awards. Viva Riva is a film about a gang that ignited war in Congo over a fuel crisis. Riva is the protagonist in the film who is an operator and has a secret fuel reserve stolen from some crooks in Angola and plans to sell it in Kinshasa for huge profits. He parties around with women where he meets Nora who is the mistress of a local crime lord. Later on, Riva is pursued by the local crime lord men and some angry Angolans who want their fuel back. Everybody looks for Viva not because of his good looks but they are ready to have him dead in order to lay hands on the gasoline. There is Cesar, a ruthless sharply dressed foreigner in Kinshasa, the army, the church and other people too. Riva’s great nemesis is a crime boss who is portrayed as brutal and decadent named Azor but Riva is able to get his girlfriend Nora and also to attempt selling the gasoline before the fearsome Azor even strikes a deal for it.

Works Cited

Eichstaedt, Peter. Consuming the Congo: War and Conflict Minerals in the World’s Deadliest Place. Barnes and Noble, 2011. Print.
Trefon, Theodore. Congo Masquerade: The Political Culture of Aid Inefficiency and Reform Failure. Barnes and Noble, 2011. Print.
Samset, Ingrid. ‘Conflict of Interests or Interests in Conflict? Diamonds & War in the DRC.’ Review of African Political Economy. 2002. 463-480. pp. 470-471
Gondola, Ch. Didier. The History of Congo. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2002. p. 6
Reyntjens, Filip. The Great African War: Congo and Regional Geopolitics, 1996-2006. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2009. p. 42, 61

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